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응급의학과 인턴 의사의 업무 및 소요 시간 분석: 다기관 단면 연구

Other Titles
 Task and Time Analysis of Intern Physicians in the Emergency Department: Multicenter Cross-sectional Study 
 정성필  ;  유제성  ;  김민정  ;  윤영훈  ;  홍대영  ;  윤유상  ;  조준호  ;  이경우  ;  강준호  ;  이경원  ;  전병조  ;  류지호  ;  김승환  ;  이장영  ;  임훈  ;  김수진 
 Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine, Vol.25(3) : 231-237, 2014 
Journal Title
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine(대한응급의학회지)
Issue Date
Hospital Emergency Service ; Time and motion studies ; Internship
PURPOSE: This study was conducted in order to describe how intern physicians in the emergency department (ED) spent their time, and the frequency of tasks performed by them.
METHODS: This was an observational, time-motion study for 15 intern physicians in 15 emergency centers. Observers in each hospital shadowed interns for a 60-minute period, two times, both day and night shift. They recorded time spent on various activities, type and number of activities. The proportion of activity that can be replaced by other staff members was calculated.
RESULTS: Average number of duty hours of interns was 80.9 hours (63~87.8) per week. A total of 662 activities were observed during 30 hours. Interns' activities were classified as direct patient care 28.2%, personal time 24.2%, documentation 17.0%, procedures 16.7%, communication 8.1%, transportation 2.6%, indirect patient care 2.0%, learning activity 0.8%, and administrative work 0.4%. The proportion of procedural task showed negative correlation with the number of emergency medical technicians (r=-0.710, p=0.003). The proportion of activity that can be replaced by staff members other than doctors was 24.3% (0~47%) of time, except personal or learning activity.
CONCLUSION: Results of this study showed that only 24.3% of interns' activity in the emergency department could be replaced by staff members other than doctors. Because the proportion of activities that could be replaced was variable among hospitals, each hospital should perform task analysis of interns' activity in order to forecast alternative manpower.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Emergency Medicine (응급의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Min Joung(김민정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1634-5209
You, Je Sung(유제성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2074-6745
Chung, Sung Phil(정성필) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3074-011X
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