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Estimation of effects of factors related to preschooler body mass index using quantile regression model

Authors
 Hee Soon Kim  ;  Yun Hee Park  ;  Hyun Bong Park  ;  Su Hee Kim 
Citation
 ASIAN NURSING RESEARCH, Vol.8(4) : 293-299, 2014 
Journal Title
 ASIAN NURSING RESEARCH 
ISSN
 1976-1317 
Issue Date
2014
MeSH
Adult ; Body Mass Index* ; Child, Preschool ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Health Behavior* ; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice ; Humans ; Male ; Models, Statistical* ; Mothers ; Obesity/epidemiology* ; Parenting* ; Regression Analysis ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Social Environment ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
obesity ; preschooler ; quantile regression
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate Korean preschoolers' obesity-related factors through an ecological approach and to identify Korean preschoolers' obesity-related factors and the different effects of ecological variables on body mass index and its quantiles through an ecological approach. METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional. Through convenience sampling, 241 cases were collected from three kindergartens and seven nurseries in the Seoul metropolitan area and Kyunggi Province in April 2013 using self-administered questionnaires from preschoolers' mothers and homeroom teachers. RESULTS: Results of ordinary least square regression analysis show that mother's sedentary behavior (p < .001), sedentary behavior parenting (p = .039), healthy eating parenting (p = .027), physical activity-related social capital (p = .029) were significant factors of preschoolers' body mass index. While in the 5% body mass index distribution group, gender (p = .031), preference for physical activity (p = .015), mother's sedentary behavior parenting (p = .032), healthy eating parenting (p = .005), and teacher's sedentary behavior (p = .037) showed significant influences. In the 25% group, the effects of gender and preference for physical activity were no longer significant. In the 75% and 95% group, only mother's sedentary behavior showed a statistically significant influence (p < .001, p = .012 respectively). CONCLUSION: Efforts to lower the obesity rate of preschoolers should focus on their environment, especially on the sedentary behavior of mothers, as mothers are the main nurturers of this age group.
Files in This Item:
T201404830.pdf Download
DOI
10.1016/j.anr.2014.07.005
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Su Hee(김수희)
Kim, Hee Soon(김희순) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6656-0308
Park, Hyun Bong(박현봉)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/138571
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