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8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine Causes Death of Human Leukemia Cells Deficient in 8-Oxoguanine Glycosylase 1 Activity by Inducing Apoptosis

Authors
 Jin-Won Hyun  ;  Yoon-Chul Jung  ;  Myung-Hee Chung  ;  Ho-Jin You  ;  Jinhee Choi  ;  Yun-Sil Lee  ;  Sun-Hee Yoon  ;  Byung-Hak Yoon  ;  Ja-Eun Kim  ;  Eun-Young Choi  ;  Hyun-Sook Kim 
Citation
 MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH, Vol.1(4) : 290-299, 2003 
Journal Title
 MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH 
ISSN
 1541-7786 
Issue Date
2003
Abstract
Our previous study showed that KG-1, a human acute leukemia cell line, has mutational loss of 8-oxoguanine (8-hydroxyguanine; oh(8)Gua) glycosylase 1 (OGG1) activity and that its viability is severely affected by 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-oxodeoxyguanosine; oh(8)dG). In the present study, the nature of the killing action of oh(8)dG on KG-1 was investigated. Signs observed in oh(8)dG-treated KG-1 cells indicated that death was due to apoptosis, as demonstrated by: increased sub-G(1) hypodiploid (apoptotic) cells, DNA fragmentation, and apoptotic body formation; loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria into the cytosol, and the down-regulation of bcl-2; and the activation of caspases 8, 9, and 3, and the efficient inhibition of the apoptotic process by caspases inhibitors. This apoptosis appears not to be associated with Fas/Fas ligand because the expressions of these proteins were unchanged. Apoptotic KG-1 cells showed a high concentration of oh(8)Gua in DNA. Moreover, the increased concentration of oh(8)Gua in DNA, and the apoptotic process were not suppressed by the antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine, and thus the process is independent of reactive oxygen species. Of the 18 cancer cell lines treated with oh(8)dG, 3 cell lines (H9, CEM-CM3, and Molt-4) were found to be committed to apoptosis, and all of these showed very low OGG1 activity and a marked increase in the concentration of oh(8)Gua in DNA. These observations indicate that in addition to its mutagenic action, oh(8)Gua in DNA disturbs cell viability by inducing apoptosis.
Files in This Item:
T200305685.pdf Download
DOI
OAK-2003-01024
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Yun Sil(이윤실)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/114184
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