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8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine Causes Death of Human Leukemia Cells Deficient in 8-Oxoguanine Glycosylase 1 Activity by Inducing Apoptosis

 Jin-Won Hyun  ;  Yoon-Chul Jung  ;  Myung-Hee Chung  ;  Ho-Jin You  ;  Jinhee Choi  ;  Yun-Sil Lee  ;  Sun-Hee Yoon  ;  Byung-Hak Yoon  ;  Ja-Eun Kim  ;  Eun-Young Choi  ;  Hyun-Sook Kim 
 MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH, Vol.1(4) : 290-299, 2003 
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Our previous study showed that KG-1, a human acute leukemia cell line, has mutational loss of 8-oxoguanine (8-hydroxyguanine; oh(8)Gua) glycosylase 1 (OGG1) activity and that its viability is severely affected by 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-oxodeoxyguanosine; oh(8)dG). In the present study, the nature of the killing action of oh(8)dG on KG-1 was investigated. Signs observed in oh(8)dG-treated KG-1 cells indicated that death was due to apoptosis, as demonstrated by: increased sub-G(1) hypodiploid (apoptotic) cells, DNA fragmentation, and apoptotic body formation; loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria into the cytosol, and the down-regulation of bcl-2; and the activation of caspases 8, 9, and 3, and the efficient inhibition of the apoptotic process by caspases inhibitors. This apoptosis appears not to be associated with Fas/Fas ligand because the expressions of these proteins were unchanged. Apoptotic KG-1 cells showed a high concentration of oh(8)Gua in DNA. Moreover, the increased concentration of oh(8)Gua in DNA, and the apoptotic process were not suppressed by the antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine, and thus the process is independent of reactive oxygen species. Of the 18 cancer cell lines treated with oh(8)dG, 3 cell lines (H9, CEM-CM3, and Molt-4) were found to be committed to apoptosis, and all of these showed very low OGG1 activity and a marked increase in the concentration of oh(8)Gua in DNA. These observations indicate that in addition to its mutagenic action, oh(8)Gua in DNA disturbs cell viability by inducing apoptosis.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Yun Sil(이윤실)
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