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성악가와 훈련 받지 않은 일반인의 음도, 강도, 성구 변화 시발성 및 호흡조절 특성

Other Titles
 Characteristics of Phonatory and Respiratory Control on Pitch, Loudness, Register Change in Untrained and Trained Singers 
Authors
 최성희  ;  남도현  ;  김덕원  ;  김영호  ;  최홍식 
Citation
 Journal of the Korean Society of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (대한음성언어의학회지), Vol.17(2) : 115-126, 2006 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Society of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (대한음성언어의학회지) 
ISSN
 1015-6437 
Issue Date
2006
Keywords
singer ; pitch ; loudness ; register ; respiratory and phonatory control
Abstract
Background and Objectives : Training of breath support and laryngeal muscles control are important components in the development of the singing voice. The purpose of this study is to compare characteristics of respiratory and phonatory control on pitch, loudness, register change with untrained males and trained male singers. Materials and Methods : The 11 untrained males and 11 trained male singers participated. Closed Quotient(CQ), fundamental frequency (fo) and relative volume contribution of the rib cage (in percentage rib cage, % RC) and relative volume contribution of abdomen (in percentage abdomen, % AB) were measured during various pitch, loudness, register tasks using /a/ vowel phonation : Legato, staccato with C3-D3-E3-F3-G3 notes and crescendo and decrescendo with C3 note as well as modal register with C3 and falsetto register with C4 note using an integrated analysis system of Respiration, EGG and Voice. Results : (1) When pitch increased with legato task, loudness also increased in untrained male group but maintained in trained male singers. CQ was also increased both untrained and trained male singers but it was not significantly different ($p>.05$). The abdomen contribution to lung volume were significantly predominant both in inhalation and exhalation in trained males singers ($p<.05$). (2) When pitch increased with staccato task, CQ was not significantly different in untrained but significantly different in trained male singers. The respiratory function of male singers were characterized by significantly predominant abdomen contribution to lung volume in exhalation except for inhalation ($p<.05$) (3) When loudness increased with crescendo, fo was significantly increased with increasing CQ in untrained males but fo was relatively consistent with increasing CQ in trained male singers. The respiratory function of male singers were characterized by significantly predominant abdomen contribution to lung volume in exhalation except for inhalation ($p<.05$). (4) Most male singers were able to change register from modal to falsetto register, but untrained males were not. Thus, CQ was significantly different between modal and falsetto register in trained male singers ($p<.05$). The respiratory function of male singers were characterized by significantly predominant abdomen contribution to lung volume in exhalation except for inhalation ($p<.05$). Conclusion : Male singers were superior to untrained males in coordination of respiratory and phonatory control on pitch, loudness, register change. Implication are offered regarding how the results might be applied to the voice therapy as well as singing training.
Files in This Item:
T200601370.pdf Download
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (음성언어의학연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Engineering (의학공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Deok Won(김덕원)
Kim, Young Ho(김영호)
Nam, Do Hyun(남도현)
Choi, Hong Shik(최홍식)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/110354
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