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Cutaneous perforators of the forearm: Anatomic study for clinical application

Authors
 Kun Hwang  ;  Jin Hee Hwang  ;  Chan Young Jung  ;  Hyung Sun Won  ;  In Hyuk Chung 
Citation
 ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, Vol.56(3) : 284-288, 2006 
Journal Title
 ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY 
ISSN
 0148-7043 
Issue Date
2006
MeSH
Cadaver ; Dissection ; Fascia/anatomy & histology ; Forearm/anatomy & histology* ; Forearm/blood supply ; Humans ; Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology* ; Muscle, Skeletal/blood supply ; Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods ; Skin/blood supply ; Surgical Flaps/blood supply*
Keywords
flap ; perforator ; forearm
Abstract
We studied the distribution of constant cutaneous perforators of the forearm.A total of 25 amputated forearms of 13 Korean fresh cadavers were used for the study. The specimens were fixed in formaldehyde solution and phenol mixture in low concentration. Red latex was injected into the axillary arteries of 8 specimens, and lead oxide-gelatin mixture (radiopaque material) was given into another 8. And then the cutaneous perforators were isolated by dissection and radiographed. Free fasciocutaneous flaps with the pedicles of cutaneous perforators were exploited in 9 specimens. Two fasciocutaneous perforators were constant on the flexor surface and 3 on the extensor side. Most of the emerging points of 2 flexor perforators were within each circle, with 2.5 cm (87.5%) and 3.0 cm (75%) in diameter, respectively. Most of the emerging points of 3 extensor perforators were within each circle, with 2.0 cm (87.5%), 1.5 cm (75%), and 2.0 cm (87.5%) in diameter, respectively.A knowledge of constant perforators of the forearm is conducive to the free skin cutaneous flaps to be designed safely.
Full Text
http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&AN=00000637-200603000-00011&LSLINK=80&D=ovft
DOI
10.1097/01.sap.0000199152.99046.22
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chung, In Hyuk(정인혁)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/109147
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