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폐구균의 혈청형 분포와 항생제 감수성

Other Titles
 Serotype and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae 
Authors
 최경민  ;  연수인  ;  신전수  ;  용동은  ;  이경원  ;  김동수 
Citation
 INFECTION AND CHEMOTHERAPY (감염과 화학요법), Vol.38(4) : 179-185, 2006 
Journal Title
 INFECTION AND CHEMOTHERAPY (감염과 화학요법) 
ISSN
 1598-8112 
Issue Date
2006
Keywords
Streptococcus pneumoniae ; Serotype ; Antibiotics ; Resistance
Abstract
Background: Pneumococcus is the most common cause of acute otitis media, community acquired pneumonia and invasive bacterial diseases in children. Ninety serotypes have been identified, and the distribution differs according to geographic area and ages. The 7 valent pneumococcal protein conjugate vaccine is used widely. To evaluate the efficacy of the vaccine, it is essential to investigate the distribution of the pneumococcal serotypes. Materials and Methods:The serotypes and antibiotic resistance of the pneumococcus isolated from 308 patients at Shinchon Severance hospital from September of 2001 to July of 2005 were analyzed. Results:The pneumococcci were isolated mostly from sputum and blood, and ear discharge in the descending order. Serotyping was possible in 265 cases, and the distribution of serotypes were 19F (16.2%), 19A (12.8%), 23F (8.7%), 6B (7.9%), and 6A (7.2%). Fifty two cases were isolated from those patients less than 16 years of age and the distribution of serotypes was 19F, 19A, 23F, 14, 6B, 6A and 4. Resistance to penicillin was 64.6% in all cases and 67.3% in children. The more common serotype showed the higher rate of penicillin resistance. Multi-drug resistance was demonstrated in 64.7%. Forty three percent of the total identified serotypes were included in the 7 valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. And 61.5% of the serotypes identified in children were included in the vaccine. Conclusion:The 7 valent vaccine may be used effetively in Korea. But, further study is needed to address serotype switching after the use of the protein conjugated vaccine, which has been reported in other countries.
Files in This Item:
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dong Soo(김동수)
Shin, Jeon Soo(신전수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8294-3234
Yong, Dong Eun(용동은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1225-8477
Lee, Kyungwon(이경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-2134
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/109139
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