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Branching patterns of the arterial branches supplying the middle vascular pedicle of the sternocleidomastoid muscle: a topographic anatomical study with surgical applications for the use of pedicles osteomuscular flaps

Authors
 K. S. Hu  ;  W. C. Song  ;  S. H. Kim  ;  S. W. Choi  ;  S. H. Han  ;  D. J. Paik  ;  H. J. Kim  ;  K. S. Koh 
Citation
 SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY, Vol.28(1) : 7-12, 2006 
Journal Title
SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY
ISSN
 0930-1038 
Issue Date
2006
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Arteries/anatomy & histology ; Clavicle ; Female ; Humans ; Larynx/blood supply ; Male ; Mastoid ; Middle Aged ; Muscle, Skeletal/abnormalities* ; Muscle, Skeletal/blood supply* ; Sternum ; Surgical Flaps* ; Thyroid Gland/blood supply
Keywords
Sternocleidomastoid muscle ; Osteomuscular flap ; Superior thyroid artery ; Anatomy
Abstract
When making a sternocleidomastoid (SCM) osteomuscular flap to include the clavicle and determining the rotation arc of the osteomuscular flap, it is very important to know the location and the origin of the superior thyroid artery and the distribution pattern of the SCM branch. Accordingly, in this study, the 50 SCM muscles and their arteries were dissected in 26 Korean cadavers, and the results were analyzed. The average distances from the origin of the superior thyroid artery to the clavicular and sternal heads of the SCM muscle were 87.6 mm (57.7–123.8 mm) and 131.2 mm (99.7–166.8 mm), respectively. The average distance from the origin of the superior thyroid artery to the SCM branch entering the SCM muscle was 30.1 mm (16.0–37.7 mm). After entering the SCM muscle, the SCM branches of the superior thyroid artery bifurcated into the clavicular and sternal branches at a point located an average of 58.8 mm (28.4–130.4 mm) above the clavicle. The distribution patterns of the superior thyroid artery were classified into six types based on the branching order and the dual supplies to the SCM muscle. Among them, type I in which the laryngeal branch first divided from the superior thyroid artery was the most common case (36%).
Full Text
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00276-005-0053-0
DOI
10.1007/s00276-005-0053-0
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hee Jin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-6261
Hu, Kyung Seok(허경석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9048-3805
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/109108
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