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Topical 0.1% prednisolone lowers nerve growth factor expression in keratoconjunctivitis sicca patients

 Seung Ah Chung  ;  Hyung Keun Lee  ;  Kyoung Yul Seo  ;  Soon Won Hong  ;  Hyung Chang Kim  ;  Eung Kweon Kim 
 OPHTHALMOLOGY, Vol.113(2) : 198-205, 2006 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca ; Nerve growth factor ; Prednisolone
PURPOSE: To compare nerve growth factor (NGF) levels in tears and on the ocular surfaces of normal control and non-Sjögren's type keratoconjunctivitis sicca subjects, and to investigate the effect of 0.1% prednisolone eyedrops on NGF levels in keratoconjunctivitis sicca patients. DESIGN: Prospective, double-masked, randomized, comparative clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one keratoconjunctivitis sicca patients and 23 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects. METHODS: Baseline tear NGF levels were measured in keratoconjunctivitis sicca patients and healthy control subjects using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca patients received 0.1% prednisolone drops in one eye and 0.1% hyaluronic acid drops in the other, 3 times a day for 28 days. Also, impression cytology (IC) and immunostaining for NGF on conjunctival epithelium were performed on both groups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Tear NGF/total tear protein (TP) concentration ratio, IC and NGF immunocytologic staining, subjective symptom scale, tear breakup time, and Schirmer values. RESULTS: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca patients were found to have baseline tear NGF concentrations higher than those of age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects (65.9+/-14.5 vs. 122.1+/-45.3 pg/mug, P<0.0001). In keratoconjunctivitis sicca patients, prednisolone treatment for 28 days resulted in a decrease in tear NGF levels, symptom scores, and IC scores, whereas hyaluronic acid treatment had no such effect (68.2+/-25.0 pg/mug vs. 108.0+/-43.4 pg/mug, P<0.0001 for tear NGF/TP ratio; 2.16+/-1.01 vs. 3.39+/-1.50, P = 0.0014 for symptom scale; 1.05+/-0.67 vs. 1.61+/-0.86, P = 0.0317 for IC). Measurements taken at both 14 and 28 days indicated that neither prednisolone nor hyaluronic acid treatment affected breakup time or Schirmer values. CONCLUSION: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca patients showed elevated levels of tear NGF, which were decreased by treatment with 0.1% prednisolone. These data suggest that ocular surface NGF may play an important role in ocular surface inflammation processes associated with dry eyes.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eung Kweon(김응권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1453-8042
Kim, Hyeon Chang(김현창) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7867-1240
Seo, Kyuong Yul(서경률) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9855-1980
Lee, Hyung Keun(이형근) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1123-2136
Hong, Soon Won(홍순원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0324-2414
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