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Docetaxel versus paclitaxel combined with 5-FU and leucovorin in advanced gastric cancer: combined analysis of two phase II trials.

 Hong Jae Chon  ;  Sun Young Rha  ;  Chong Kun Im  ;  Chan Kim  ;  Min Hee Hong  ;  Hye Ryun Kim  ;  Jung Ryun An  ;  Sung Hoon Noh  ;  Hyun Cheol Chung  ;  Hei-Cheul Jeung 
 CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, Vol.41(4) : 196-204, 2009 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Docetaxel ; Paclitaxel ; Stomach neoplasms
PURPOSE: This is an ad hoc analysis of two phase II studies which compared the efficacy and safety of two taxanes (paclitaxel and docetaxel) combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin (LV) in advanced gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma who were untreated or had only received first-line chemotherapy, were treated with either paclitaxel (PFL; 175 mg/m(2)) or docetaxel (DFL; 75 mg/m(2)) on day 1, followed by a bolus of LV (20 mg/m(2) days 1~3) and a 24-hour infusion of 5-FU (1,000 mg/m(2) days 1~3) every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR) and the secondary endpoint included survival and toxicity. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients received DFL (first-line [n=38]; and second-line [n=28]) and 60 patients received PFL (first-line [n=37]; and second-line [n=23]). The ORRs were not significantly different between the 2 groups (DFL, 26%; PFL, 38%). With a median follow-up of 9.5 months, the progression free survival was 5.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.2~6.5 months) for DFL and 3.3 months (95% CI, 1.3~5.5 months) for PFL (p=0.17). The overall survival was also comparable between the patients who received DFL and PFL (10.0 months [95% CI, 7.2~12.5 months] and 13.9 months [95% CI, 10.9~19.2 months], respectively; p=0.37). The most frequent grade 3~4 adverse event was neutropenia (DFL, 71%; PFL, 62%). DFL and PFL had different non-hematologic toxicities; specifically, grade >or=3 mucositis (5%) and diarrhea (3%) were common in DFL, while nausea/vomiting (15%) and peripheral neuropathy (5%) were common in PFL. CONCLUSION: Thus, the two taxanes had similar efficacy in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer, but different toxicity profiles. Prospective comparative studies are required to further clarify the role of taxanes in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Chan(김찬)
Kim, Hye Ryun(김혜련) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1842-9070
Noh, Sung Hoon(노성훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4386-6886
Rha, Sun Young(라선영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2512-4531
Ahn, Jung Ryun(안정련)
Im, Chong Kun(임종근)
Chon, Hong Jae(전홍재)
Chung, Hyun Cheol(정현철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0920-9471
Jeung, Hei Cheul(정희철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0952-3679
Hong, Min Hee(홍민희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3490-2195
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