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Experience-dependent plasticity of cerebellar vermis in basketball players

Authors
 In Sung Park  ;  Kea Joo Lee  ;  Jong Woo Han  ;  Nam Joon Lee  ;  Won Teak Lee  ;  Kyung Ah Park  ;  Im Joo Rhyu 
Citation
 CEREBELLUM, Vol.8(3) : 334-339, 2009 
Journal Title
CEREBELLUM
ISSN
 1473-4222 
Issue Date
2009
MeSH
Basketball* ; Cerebellum/anatomy & histology* ; Cerebellum/physiology* ; Humans ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods ; Male ; Motor Skills/physiology ; Neuronal Plasticity/physiology* ; Professional Practice* ; Young Adult
Keywords
Sports ; Motor learning ; Coordination ; Brain volumetry ; Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Abstract
The cerebellum is involved in the learning and retention of motor skills. Using animal and human models, a number of studies have shown that long-term motor skill training induces structural and functional plasticity in the cerebellum. The aim of this study was to investigate whether macroscopic alteration in the volume of cerebellum occurs in basketball players who had learned complex motor skills and practiced them intensively for a long time. Three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging volumetry was performed in basketball players (n = 19) and healthy controls (n = 20), and the volumes of cerebellum and vermian lobules were compared between two groups. Although there was no macroscopic plasticity detected in the cerebellum as a whole, detailed parcellation of cerebellum revealed morphological enlargement in the vermian lobules VI-VII (declive, folium, and tuber) of basketball players (P < 0.0166), which might then be interpreted as evidence for plasticity. This finding suggests that the extensive practice and performance of sports-related motor skills activate structural plasticity of vermian lobules in human cerebellum and suggests that vermian VI-VII plays an important role in motor learning
Full Text
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12311-009-0100-1
DOI
10.1007/s12311-009-0100-1
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Kyung Ah(박경아)
Lee, Won Taek(이원택) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7348-9562
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/105158
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