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Pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor (PAUF), a novel up-regulated secretory protein in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

 Sun A. Kim  ;  Yangsoon Lee  ;  Dawoon E. Jung  ;  Kyung Hwa Park  ;  Jeong Youp Park  ;  Jingu Gang  ;  Sun Bok Jeon  ;  Eui Chul Park  ;  Young-Gun Kim  ;  Bogman Lee  ;  Qing Liu  ;  Wen Zeng  ;  Subramanyam Yeramilli  ;  Soojin Lee  ;  Sang Seok Koh  ;  Si Young Song 
 CANCER SCIENCE, Vol.100(5) : 828-836, 2009 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adenocarcinoma/genetics ; Adenocarcinoma/metabolism* ; Adenocarcinoma/secretion* ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Antibodies/immunology ; Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/genetics ; Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/metabolism* ; Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/secretion* ; Cell Line ; Cricetinae ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Humans ; Lectins/chemistry ; Lectins/genetics ; Lectins/metabolism* ; Lectins/secretion* ; Mice ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis ; Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics ; RNA, Messenger/genetics ; RNA, Small Interfering/genetics ; Sequence Alignment ; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid ; Transcription, Genetic/genetics ; Up-Regulation*/genetics
The identification of novel tumor-specific proteins or antigens is of great importance for diagnostic and therapeutic applications in pancreatic cancer. Using oligonucleotide microarrays, we identified a broad spectrum of differentially expressed pancreatic cancer-related genes. Of these, we selected an overexpressed expressed sequence taq and cloned a 721-bp full-length cDNA with an open reading frame of 196 amino acids. This novel gene was localized on the Homo sapiens 16p13.3 chromosomal locus, and its nucleotide sequence matched the Homo sapiens similar to common salivary protein 1 (LOC124220). We named the gene pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor. The pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor was secreted into the culture medium of pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor-overexpressing Chinese hamster ovary cells, had an apparent molecular mass of approximately 25 kDa, and was N-glycosylated. The induction of pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor in Chinese hamster ovary cells increased cell proliferation, migration, and invasion ability in vitro. Subcutaneous injection of mice with Chinese hamster ovary/pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor cells resulted in 3.8-fold greater tumor sizes compared to Chinese hamster ovary/mock cells. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting with antirecombinant human pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor antibodies confirmed that pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor was highly expressed in six of eight pancreatic cancer cell lines. Immunohistochemical staining of human pancreatic cancer tissues also showed pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor overexpression in the cytoplasm of cancer cells. Transfection with pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor-specific small-interfering RNA reduced cancer cell migration and invasion in vitro. Treatment with antirecombinant human pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor in vitro and in vivo reduced proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumorigenic ability. Collectively, our results suggest that pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor is a novel secretory protein involved in pancreatic cancer progression and might be a potential target for the treatment of pancreatic cancer
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Research Institute (부설연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sun A(김선아) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7174-3640
Song, Si Young(송시영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1417-4314
Jung, Dawoon E.(정다운)
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