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Gossypiboma after mandibular contouring surgery

 Seung Yong Song  ;  Jong Won Hong  ;  Won Min Yoo  ;  Kwan Chul Tark 
 JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, Vol.20(5) : 1607-1610, 2009 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Anti-Infective Agents, Local/therapeutic use ; Curettage ; Edema/etiology ; Female ; Fever/etiology ; Foreign Bodies/etiology* ; Humans ; Mandible/surgery* ; Middle Aged ; Povidone-Iodine/therapeutic use ; Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects ; Suppuration ; Surgical Sponges/adverse effects* ; Surgical Wound Dehiscence/etiology ; Surgical Wound Infection/etiology ; Therapeutic Irrigation ; Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Lipoma ; parotid gland ; deep lobe ; lumpectomy
BACKGROUND: Gossypiboma is derived from the Latin word gossypium, meaning cotton, and it means a postoperatively retained foreign body used in operations. Several cases of gossypiboma have been reported especially after abdominal surgery, but there has not been any reported case in plastic surgery. Mandibular contouring surgery cannot ensure a view wide enough to avoid injury to surrounding structures such as a facial artery and a retromandibular vein. In addition, many surgeons pack the sponge into the operative field to prevent bleeding, and surgeons may neglect remnant surgical materials. Recognition of gossypiboma is essential but is often considerably delayed and cause medicolegal problems. Therefore, it is important to ensure that every effort is made to prevent such occurrences. We had a chance to evaluate and treat gossypiboma, and in this paper, we want to share our experiences.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In circa 1999 to 2007, there were 3 cases diagnosed as gossypiboma after a mandible angle surgery. All patients were female, and some had signs of fever, swelling, tenderness, and purulent discharge of an oral wound. We performed a computed tomographic scan and blood test, and foreign body removal was done under general anesthesia. Intraoperatively, the diagnosis of gossypiboma was confirmed.

RESULTS: All symptoms were reduced or subsided after surgery. It was noted that no postoperative infection remained.

CONCLUSIONS: Gossypiboma must be considered when fever, unilateral swelling, tenderness, or unhealed oral wound is sustained despite an antibiotics therapy and a drainage procedure after a mandible angle surgery. In that case, a computed tomographic scan can be recommended as an effective method for detection of gossypiboma.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (성형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Song, Seung Yong(송승용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3145-7463
Yoo, Won Min(유원민)
Tark, Kwan Chul(탁관철)
Hong, Jong Won(홍종원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7762-0940
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