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Interaction between serotonin transporter promoter and dopamine receptor D4 polymorphisms on decision making

 Ra Yeon Ha  ;  Kee Namkoong  ;  Jee In Kang  ;  Yang Tae Kim  ;  Se Joo Kim 
 Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, Vol.33(7) : 1217-1222, 2009 
Journal Title
 Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry 
Issue Date
Appropriate decision making is an important brain function to maintain our lives. The Iowa gambling task (IGT) is a tool for decision making under ambiguity. The aims of this study were to evaluate the influence of serotonin transporter linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) and dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) polymorphisms and their interaction on IGT performance. One hundred fifty-nine normal subjects were involved in this study. All subjects performed the IGT and were genotyped for the triallelic 5-HTTLPR and DRD4 48 bp uVNTR polymorphisms. After controlling for gender, age, and impulsiveness, there were no main effects of 5-HTTLPR and DRD4 gene polymorphisms on total IGT score. However, there was a significant effect on the interaction between 5-HTTLPR and DRD4 on total IGT score. In the presence of the 5-HTTLPR S'S' (SS+SL(G)+L(G)L(G)), subjects with the DRD4 2R+ (2 repeat carrier) had higher total IGT score compared to those with the DRD4 2R-. In contrast, in the absence of the 5-HTTLPR S'S', subjects with the DRD4 2R- had higher total IGT score than those with the DRD4 2R+. When we divided IGT scores into the first and second half of trials, the 5-HTTLPRxDRD4 interaction effects were stronger in the second half block (decision under risk) than in the first half block (decision under ambiguity). In conclusion, the DRD4 genotypes might influence decision-making performance differently according to the background genotypes of 5-HTTLPR.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Jee In(강지인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2818-7183
Kim, Se Joo(김세주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5438-8210
Namkoong, Kee(남궁기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1400-8057
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