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Gadolinium-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Atherosclerotic Plaques in Comparison with Histopathology: An In Vivo Study in Aorta of Rabbits

Other Titles
 조직병리와 비교한 죽상경화반의 가돌리니움 조영증강 자기공명영상: 토끼 대동맥을 이용한 생체 실험 
 Byoung Wook Choi  ;  Jin Hur  ;  Hye-Jeong Lee  ;  Young Jin Kim  ;  Tae Hoon Kim  ;  Kyu Ok Choe 
 Journal of the Korean Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (대한자기공명의과학회지), Vol.13(1) : 81-87, 2009 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (대한자기공명의과학회지) 
Issue Date
Atherosclerotic plaque ; Plaque vulnerability ; Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging ; Lipid-rich plaque ; Macrophage
Purpose : We sought to evaluate enhancement of plaque with gadolinium-based contrast agent by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in comparison with histopathology, namely lipid-rich and macrophage-rich components that were two representative characteristics of plaque vulnerability using atherosclerotic rabbit aorta in order to determine which histopathologic component is relevant to the enhancement. Materials and Methods : New Zealand white rabbit (n=4, weight 3.0 to 3.5 kg, all male) was used for animal model of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic aortic lesions were induced by high-cholesterol diet and double balloon injury. T1-weight axial images were acquired before and after gadolinium-based contrast agent using a 3-T MRI. MR images and the matched histopathological sections (n=35) were divided into 4 quadrants or 3 (n=130). Enhancement ratio (ER, ER=SIpost/SIpre) on MRI was calculated for each quadrant and compared with histopathology in regard to lipid-rich and macrophage-rich areas. Results : Lipid-rich quadrants were 72 and fibrous quadrants were 58. The number of quadrants which had macrophage-rich areas was 105 and that of quadrants which did not have macrophage-rich areas was 25. ER was significantly higher in lipid-rich quadrants than in fibrous quadrants (mean ER 2.25c±0.41 vs. 2.72±0.65, p=0.013). ER poorly correlated with macrophage-rich areas when lipid-component was controlled (correlation coefficient -0.203, p=0.236). Conclusion : Lipid-rich plaques showed stronger enhancement than fibrous plaques using a standard gadolinium-based extracellular contrast agent. Macrophage infiltration did not correlate with degree of enhancement. Further study is warranted that account for optimal time of imaging after contrast injection using various plaque models from early to advanced stages and all possible parameters associated with contrast enhancement.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Jin(김영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
Kim, Tae Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3598-2529
Lee, Hye Jeong(이혜정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4349-9174
Choe, Kyu Ok(최규옥)
Choi, Byoung Wook(최병욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8873-5444
Hur, Jin(허진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8651-6571
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