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Female-to-male proportions of the head and face in Koreans

Authors
 Wu-Chul Song  ;  Jung-Il Kim  ;  Soon-Heum Kim  ;  Dong-Hyeok Shin  ;  Kyung-Seok Hu  ;  Hee-Jin Kim  ;  Jeong-Yong Lee  ;  Ki-Seok Koh 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, Vol.20(2) : 356-361, 2009 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY 
ISSN
 1049-2275 
Issue Date
2009
Abstract
It is well known that the head and face are smaller in female subjects than in male subjects. However, almost all previous studies have quantified the size difference between female and male subjects as simple numerical values, which might not clarify the difference. the present study evaluated the female-to-male proportions of the head and face so as to clarify the sex-related differences. A total of 1939 female subjects and 1398 male subjects were divided into 3 age groups: young (20-39 y), middle-aged (40-59 y), and elderly (60-79 y). the dimensions were classified into 3 categories: 5 cephalic, 3 frontal facial, and 6 lateral facial. the female-to-male proportions of individual dimensions were compared in the 3 age groups using the following formula: female measurement value x 100/(mean of male measurement value). the female-to-male proportions of the cephalic dimension increased with age, with the female cephalic dimensions overall being about 96% of the male cephalic dimensions. the female-to-male proportions of the frontal facial dimension were constant across the age groups, with the female frontal facial dimensions overall being 95% of the male frontal facial dimensions. the female lateral facial dimension increased markedly from the young to middle-aged group and was constant or decreased slightly from the middle-aged to the elderly group. Overall, the female lateral facial dimensions were approximately 97% of the male lateral facial dimensions. the present study will suggest a new approach to elucidate those sex-related dimensional differences that are characteristic of female and male subjects.
Full Text
http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&AN=00001665-200903000-00018&LSLINK=80&D=ovft
DOI
10.1097/SCS.0b013e3181843620
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hee Jin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-6261
Song, Wu Chul(송우철)
Hu, Kyung Seok(허경석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9048-3805
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/104353
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