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Rectal cancer: comparison of accuracy of local-regional staging with two- and three-dimensional preoperative 3-T MR imaging.

 Honsoul Kim  ;  Joon Seok Lim  ;  Jin Young Choi  ;  Jaeseok Park  ;  Yong Eun Chung  ;  Myeong-Jin Kim  ;  EunHee Choi  ;  Nam Kyu Kim  ;  Ki Whang Kim 
 RADIOLOGY, Vol.254(2) : 485-492, 2010 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adenocarcinoma/pathology* ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Female ; Humans ; Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted ; Imaging, Three-Dimensional ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Staging ; Preoperative Care ; Rectal Neoplasms/pathology* ; Rectal Neoplasms/surgery ; Retrospective Studies ; Statistics, Nonparametric
PURPOSE: To compare the local-regional staging accuracy of the conventional two-dimensional (2D) T2-weighted imaging protocol and of the three-dimensional (3D) T2-weighted imaging protocol for preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in rectal cancer patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and a waiver of informed consent was obtained. A review was conducted of 109 preoperative 3-T MR images obtained with 2D and 3D T2-weighted imaging protocols in rectal cancer patients. Two radiologists independently assessed the radiologic findings for T and N category lesions, conspicuity of tumor margin, and image quality of 2D and 3D data. Interactive multiplanar reconstruction was performed for 3D data analysis. The linear weighted kappa values for T2-weighted imaging staging results (2D and 3D data) and histopathologic staging results were calculated and compared. Wilcoxon signed rank test was performed to compare tumoral conspicuity and overall image quality.

RESULTS: T category lesion staging accuracy values for 2D and 3D data, respectively, were 66.0% and 67.0% for reviewer 1 (P = .465) and 63.3% and 56.9% for reviewer 2 (P = .402). N category lesion staging accuracy values for 2D and 3D T2-weighted images, respectively, were 64.2% and 57.8% for reviewer 1 (P = .427) and 47.7% and 62.4% for reviewer 2 (P = .666). Tumor conspicuity was better for 2D T2-weighted imaging, but no significant difference in image quality was observed.

CONCLUSION: Preoperative MR imaging in rectal cancer patients for staging with conventional 2D and multiplanar reconstruction 3D T2-weighted imaging protocols showed no significant differences in accuracy of T and N category staging and overall image quality, as determined by degree of artifact. However, the 3D T2-weighted imaging protocol had limitations in regard to lesion conspicuity
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ki Whang(김기황)
Kim, Nam Kyu(김남규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0639-5632
Kim, Myeong Jin(김명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7949-5402
Park, Jae Seok(박재석)
Lim, Joon Seok(임준석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0334-5042
Chung, Yong Eun(정용은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0811-9578
Choi, Jin Young(최진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9025-6274
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