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Effective doses from panoramic radiography and CBCT (cone beam CT) using dose area product (DAP) in dentistry

 H S Shin  ;  K C Nam  ;  H Park  ;  H U Choi  ;  H Y Kim  ;  C S Park 
 DENTOMAXILLOFACIAL RADIOLOGY, Vol.43(5) : 20130439, 2014 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Algorithms ; Body Burden ; Cephalometry/methods ; Child ; Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation ; Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods* ; Humans ; Radiation Dosage* ; Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation ; Radiography, Panoramic/methods* ; Relative Biological Effectiveness ; Reproducibility of Results ; Temporomandibular Joint/diagnostic imaging
CBCT (cone beam CT) ; DAP (dose area product) ; ICRP ; conversion factor ; effective dose
OBJECTIVES: We compared the effective dose from panoramic radiography with that from cone beam CT (CBCT) using dose area product under adult and child exposure conditions. METHODS: The effective doses of the cephalo, panorama, implant and dental modes of Alphard 3030 (Asahi Roentgen Ind., Co. Ltd, Kyoto, Japan) CBCT and the Jaw, Wide, Facial and temporomandibular joint modes of Rayscan Symphony (RAY Co., Ltd, Hwaseong, Republic of Korea) CBCT were compared with those of CRANEX(®) 3+ CEPH (Soredex Orion Corporation, Helsinki, Finland) panoramic radiography equipment under adult and child exposure conditions. Each effective dose was calculated using a conversion formula from dose area product meter measured values (VacuTec Messtechnik GmbH, Dresden, Germany). The conversion formulae used were suggested by Helmrot and Alm Carlsson and Batista et al, and they were applied with the tube voltage taken into consideration. RESULTS: The maximum effective doses from the Alphard 3030 and Rayscan Symphony were 67 and 21 times greater than that from panoramic radiography, respectively. The ratios of the effective dose under the child setting to that under the adult condition were 0.60-0.62 and 0.84-0.95, and the maximum differences in effective doses between the adult and child exposure settings were equivalent to 27 and 4 times greater than a panoramic examination in the Alphard 3030 and Rayscan Symphony, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The effective CBCT doses were higher than those of panoramic radiography. The differences in effective doses between the adult and child CBCT settings were dependent on equipment type and exposure parameters. Therefore, adequate mode selection and control of exposure as well as further research are necessary to minimize the effective dose to patients, especially for radiosensitive children.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (영상치의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Chang Seo(박창서)
Park, Hyuk(박혁)
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