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Surgical complications after robotic thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma: a single center experience with 3,000 patients

 Eun Jeong Ban  ;  Ji Young Yoo  ;  Won Woong Kim  ;  Hae Young Son  ;  Seulkee Park  ;  So Hee Lee  ;  Cho Rok Lee  ;  Sang-Wook Kang  ;  Jong Ju Jeong  ;  Kee-Hyun Nam  ;  Woong Youn Chung  ;  Cheong Soo Park 
 Surgical Endoscopy , Vol.28(9) : 2555-2563, 2014 
Journal Title
 Surgical Endoscopy  
Issue Date
BACKGROUND: Robotic thyroidectomy (RT), a new gasless, transaxillary approach developed by the Yonsei University group in Seoul, Korea, eliminates the need for a cervical incision. Since RT is technically complex and has a steep learning curve, the surgical complication rate may initially be higher than with conventional surgery. This study evaluated the complication rates of transaxillary RT and assessed ways to prevent surgical complications. METHODS: Between October 2007 and March 2013, 3,000 patients underwent RT for thyroid cancer in the Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine at Severance Hospital, Seoul. The medical records of these patients were reviewed retrospectively, and surgical complications were assessed on the basis of clinical findings. RESULTS: The most common surgical complication was symptomatic hypocalcemia, of which 37.43 % cases were transient and 1.10 % permanent. Other surgical complications included recurrent laryngeal nerve injury (1.23 % transient, 0.27 % permanent), seroma (1.73 %), hematoma (0.37 %), chyle leakage (0.37 %), trachea injury (0.2 %), Horner's syndrome (0.03 %), carotid artery injury (0.03 %), and brachiocephalic vein injury (0.03 %). The technique-related complications, which were never seen in conventional open thyroidectomy, were axillary skin flap perforation (0.1 %), and traction injury of the arm on the side the lesion was located (0.13 %). CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons who have mastered standardized robotic surgical procedures and who understand potential complications and how to prevent them can perform RT safely.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
강상욱(Kang, Sang Wook) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5355-833X
김원웅(Kim, Won Woong)
남기현(Nam, Kee Hyun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6852-1190
박슬기(Park, Seul Kee)
박정수(Park, Cheong Soo)
반은정(Ban, Eun Jeong)
손해영(Son, Hai Young)
유지영(Yoo, Ji Young)
이소희(Lee, So Hee)
이초록(Lee, Cho Rok) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7848-3709
정웅윤(Chung, Woung Youn)
정종주(Jeong, Jong Ju) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4155-6035
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