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Comparison of 2 cuff inflation methods of laryngeal mask airway Classic for safe use without cuff manometer in adults.

Authors
 Min-Soo Kim  ;  Jeong-Rim Lee  ;  Yang-Sik Shin  ;  Ji-Won Chung  ;  Kyu-Ho Lee  ;  Ki Ryang Ahn 
Citation
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, Vol.32(3) : 237-242, 2014 
Journal Title
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE 
ISSN
 0735-6757 
Issue Date
2014
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Anesthesia, General/instrumentation* ; Anesthesia, General/methods ; Double-Blind Method ; Feasibility Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Laryngeal Masks* ; Male ; Manometry/instrumentation* ; Middle Aged ; Pressure ; Prospective Studies
Abstract
PURPOSE: This single-center, prospective, randomized, double-blind, 2-arm, parallel group comparison trial was performed to establish whether the adult-sized laryngeal mask airway (LMA) Classic (The Laryngeal Mask Company Ltd, Henley-on-Thames, UK) could be used safely without any consideration of cuff hyperinflation when a cuff of the LMA Classic was inflated using half the maximum inflation volume or the resting volume before insertion of device. BASIC PROCEDURES: Eighty patients aged 20 to 70 years scheduled for general anesthesia using the LMA Classic were included. Before insertion, the cuff was partially filled with half the maximum inflation volume in the half volume group or the resting volume created by opening the pilot balloon valve to equalize with atmospheric pressure in the resting volume group. Several parameters regarding insertion, intracuff pressure, airway leak pressure, and leakage volume/fraction were collected after LMA insertion. MAJOR FINDINGS: The LMA Classic with a partially inflated cuff was successfully inserted in all enrolled patients. Both groups had the same success rate of 95% at the first insertion attempt. The half volume group had a lower mean intracuff pressure compared with the resting volume group (54.5 ± 16.1 cm H2O vs 61.8 ± 16.1 cm H2O; P = .047). There was no difference in airway leak pressure or leakage volume/fraction between the 2 groups under mechanical ventilation. CONCLUSIONS: The partially inflated cuff method using half the maximum recommended inflation volume or the resting volume is feasible with the adult-sized LMA Classic, resulting in a high success rate of insertion and adequate range of intracuff pressures.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735675713008097
DOI
10.1016/j.ajem.2013.11.029
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Min Soo(김민수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8760-4568
Shin, Yang Sik(신양식)
Lee, Jeong Rim(이정림) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7425-0462
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/98319
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