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Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number in Peripheral Blood Is Independently Associated with Visceral Fat Accumulation in Healthy Young Adults

Authors
 Jee-Yon Lee  ;  Duk-Chul Lee  ;  Jee-Aee Im  ;  Ji-Won Lee 
Citation
 International Journal of Endocrinology, Vol.2014 : 586017, 2014 
Journal Title
 International Journal of Endocrinology 
ISSN
 1687-8337 
Issue Date
2014
Abstract
Aims. Visceral obesity is associated with an increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases and it is important to identify the underlying mechanisms. There is growing evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with metabolic disturbances related to visceral obesity. In addition, maintaining mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number is important for preserving mitochondrial function. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between mtDNA copy number and visceral fat in healthy young adults. Methods. A total of 94 healthy young subjects were studied. Biomarkers of metabolic risk factors were assessed along with body composition by computed tomography. mtDNA copy number was measured in peripheral leukocytes using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. Results. The mtDNA copy number correlated with BMI (r = -0.22, P = 0.04), waist circumference (r = -0.23, P = 0.03), visceral fat area (r = -0.28, P = -0.01), HDL-cholesterol levels (r = 0.25, P = 0.02), and hs-CRP (r = 0.32, P = 0.02) after adjusting for age and sex. Both stepwise and nonstepwise multiple regression analyses confirmed that visceral fat area was independently associated with mtDNA copy number (β = -0.33, P < 0.01, β = 0.32, and P = 0.03, resp.). Conclusions. An independent association between mtDNA content and visceral adiposity was identified. These data suggest that mtDNA copy number is a potential predictive marker for metabolic disturbances. Further studies are required to understand the causality and clinical significance of our findings.
Files in This Item:
T201400412.pdf Download
DOI
10.1155/2014/586017
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Duk Chul(이덕철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9166-1813
Lee, Jee Yon(이지연)
Lee, Ji Won(이지원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2666-4249
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/98188
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