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Positive Maternal C-Reactive Protein Predicts Neonatal Sepsis

 Ji Hyun Jeon  ;  Ran Namgung  ;  Min Soo Park  ;  Koo In Park  ;  Chul Lee 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.55(1) : 113-117, 2014 
Journal Title
Issue Date
C-Reactive Protein/metabolism* ; Chorioamnionitis/metabolism ; Female ; Humans ; Infant, Newborn ; Male ; Mothers ; Pregnancy ; Sepsis/diagnosis ; Sepsis/metabolism*
Neonatal sepsis ; chorioamnionitis ; maternal C-reacitve protein
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of maternal inflammatory marker: C-reactive protein (CRP) in predicting early onset neonatal sepsis (that occurring within 72 hours after birth). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 126 low birth weight newborns (gestation 32±3.2 wk, birth weight 1887±623 g) and their mothers were included. Neonates were divided into sepsis group (n=51) including both proven (positive blood culture) and suspected (negative blood culture but with more than 3 abnormal clinical signs), and controls (n=75). Mothers were subgrouped into CRP positive ≥1.22 mg/dL (n=48) and CRP negative <1.22 mg/dL (n=78) group, determined by Receiver Operating Characteristic curves, and odds ratio was calculated for neonatal sepsis according to maternal condition. RESULTS: Maternal CRP was significantly higher in neonatal sepsis group than in control (3.55±2.69 vs. 0.48±0.31 mg/dL, p=0.0001). Maternal CRP (cutoff value >1.22 mg/dL) had sensitivity 71% and specificity 84% for predicting neonatal sepsis. Maternal CRP positive group had more neonatal sepsis than CRP negative group (71% vs. 29%, p<0.001). Odds ratio of neonatal sepsis in maternal CRP positive group versus CRP negative group was 10.68 (95% confidence interval: 4.313-26.428, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The risk of early onset neonatal sepsis significantly increased in the case of positive maternal CRP (≥1.22 mg/dL). In newborn of CRP positive mother, the clinician may be alerted to earlier evaluation for possible neonatal infection prior to development of sepsis.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Namgung, Ran(남궁란) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7182-9535
Park, Kook In(박국인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8499-9293
Park, Min Soo(박민수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4395-9938
Lee, Chul(이철)
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