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Polymorphisms of CYP1A1 and GSTM1 genes and susceptibility to oral cancer

 In-Ho Cha  ;  Jong Yun Park  ;  Kwang-Kyun Park  ;  Hyung-Jun Kim  ;  Min-Ah Choi  ;  Won-Yoon Chung 
 Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.48(2) : 233-239, 2007 
Journal Title
 Yonsei Medical Journal 
Issue Date
PURPOSE: Oral cancer is the fifth most common form of cancer in the world and comprises 6.5% of all cancer deaths. Since one of the major risk factors for oral cancer is tobacco use, we hypothesized that polymorphic genes coding for tobacco carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes may play a role in oral cancer susceptibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate the association between polymorphisms of the CYP1A1 and GSTM1 genes and risks for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in the Korean population, the prevalence of the CYP1A1 Mspl and GSTM1 null polymorphisms were examined in 72 patients with histologically confirmed primary OSCC, as well as in 221 healthy control subjects. RESULTS: A significant risk increase for oral cancer was observed among subjects with the homozygous CYP1A1 (m2/m2) genotype (OR=3.8, 95% CI=1.9-7.7), but not the GSTM1 null genotype (OR=0.7, 95% CI=0.4-1.3). Risk for oral cancer was significantly increased in subjects with the homozygous CYP1A1 (m2/m2)genotype, regardless of smoking history (smokers; OR=4.4; 95% CI=1.2-16.3; non- smokers OR=4.9; 95% CI=1.9-12.5). Using the potentially most protective genotype GSTM1 (+)/CYP1A1 [(m1/m1)+ (m1/m2)] as the reference group, an increased risk for oral cancer was observed among subjects with the GSTM1 (+)/ CYP1A1 (m2/m2) (OR= 2.0, 95% CI=0.8-5.2), and GSTM1 (-)/ CYP1A1 (m2/m2) (OR=4.9, 95% CI=1.5-15.5) genotypes (p < 0.009, (chi2 trend test). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that individuals with a genotype of CYP1A1 (m2/m2) and GSTM1 (-) are highly susceptible for OSCC and that the CYP1A1 (m2/m2) genotype is closely associated with increased risk of OSCC in Koreans.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김형준(Kim, Hyung Jun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8247-4004
박광균(Park, Kwang Kyun)
정원윤(Chung, Won Yoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8428-9005
차인호(Cha, In Ho) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8259-2190
최민아(Choi, Min Ah)
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