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퇴행 비후된 척추 후관절이 황색인대의 섬유화 및 골화에 미치는 영향

Other Titles
 The Effect of Synovial Fluid from Degenerated Facet on Hypertrophy and Ossification of the Ligamentum Flavum 
 이광일  ;  김향  ;  문성환  ;  김학선  ;  이환모  ;  김슬기  ;  박시영  ;  김현민  ;  전흥재  ;  장주웅 
 Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery (대한척추외과학회지), Vol.14(1) : 25-33, 2007 
Journal Title
 Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery (대한척추외과학회지) 
Issue Date
Ligamentum flavum ; Facet joint ; Synovium ; Synovial fluid ; Spinal stenosis
Study Design In vitro experimental study Objectives To examine the effect of a synovial supernatant on the cell viability, osteogenic phenotype, mRNA expression of the types collagen and various transcriptional factors on osteogenesis in ligamentum flavum (LF) cells stimulated with synovial fluid from a degenerated facet joint. Literature Review In degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis, hypertrophied LF or osteoarthritic hypertrophy of a facet joint often causes neurogenic claudication. The facet joint is a synovial joint with hyaline cartilage on each side. Therefore, osteoarthritis of a facet joint eventually occurs with aging and other degenerative conditions of the spine. In lumbar spinal degeneration, inflammatory mediators or cytokines are released from the facet joint tissue, which consequently affects the adjacent LF because the LF covers posterolateral aspect of the spinal canal near facet joints. However, there are no reports on the relationship between a degenerated facet joint fluid and the LF in the lumbar spine. Materials and Methods LF surgical specimens were obtained from patients with a lumbar spine stenosis, and the cells were isolated by enzymatic digestion. Each of the synovium tissues were weighed and recorded. Each tissue was cut into small pieces with a pair of scissors and then washed 3 times with PBS. The washed tissue pieces were then cultured for 96 hr at 37℃, 5% CO2 in DMEM/F-12-0.1% FBS with a density of 200 mg/ml medium. The supernatant was collected after 96 hr. In order to measure quantitatively the proliferation of cells, the AlamarBlue assay was used. The total cellular RNA was extracted from the cells and amplification reactions specific to the following types of cDNA were performed: the osteogenic master transcription factors, Dlx5, Runx2, osterix, and types collagen and osteocalcin. Alkaline phosphatase staining for the biochemical assay and western blotting for osteocalcin protein expression were performed. Results Human LF cells cultured with the supernatant from the facet synovium showed a slightly stronger AlamarBlue staining than the intensity of the control culture. RT-PCR revealed the upregulation of the osteogenic master transcription factors, Dlx5, Runx2, and osterix in the synovium supernatant group from one hour to 72 hours, and an increase in osteocalcin, types collagen I, III, V, XI levels from one hour to one week. LF cells cultured with the supernatant from the facet synovium showed positive staining for alkaline phosphatase. The level of the osteocalcin protein in the LF cells cultured with the supernatant from the facet synovium was higher than the control group. Conclusions The supernatant of the facet joint from patients with degenerative spinal stenosis affects LF cells by increasing the level of cellular proliferation, upregulating the mRNA expression of osteocalcin, types of collagen, osteogenic transcription factors, positive alkaline phosphatase staining, and osteocalcin protein expression. Therefore, degenerated synovial fluid from the facet joint is an important mechanism of LF hypertrophy and ossification.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sul Ki(김슬기)
Kim, Hak Sun(김학선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8330-4688
Kim, Hyang(김향)
Moon, Seong Hwan(문성환)
Lee, Hwan Mo(이환모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5405-3832
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