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Friction of conventional and silica-insert ceramic brackets in various bracket-wire combinations

Authors
 Jung-Yul Cha  ;  Kyung-Suk Kim  ;  Chung-Ju Hwang 
Citation
 ANGLE ORTHODONTIST, Vol.77(1) : 100-107, 2007 
Journal Title
 ANGLE ORTHODONTIST 
ISSN
 0003-3219 
Issue Date
2007
Abstract
Objective: To compare the level of friction resistance (FR) of conventional and silica-insert ceramic brackets using various bracket-wire combinations and angulations. Materials and Methods: Four types of ceramic brackets were examined: (1) polycrystalline alumina bracket (PCA-C), (2) polycrystalline alumina bracket with a stainless steel (SS) slot (PCA-M), (3) polycrystalline alumina bracket with a silica layer (PCA-S), and (4) monocrystalline sapphire bracket (MCS). A conventional SS bracket was used as the control. The static and kinetic FR in four bracket-wire angulations (0°, 5°, 10°, and 15°) was examined using SS and β-titanium (β-Ti) orthodontic wires, 0.019 × 0.025 inches in size, under elastic ligature in the dry state. Results: The FR generated by the PCA-S bracket was significantly lower than that generated with the other ceramic brackets, and was similar to that of the SS bracket. The PCA-S bracket showed the lowest FR with both the SS and the β-Ti wires at zero bracket angulation. The FR to sliding increased rapidly and nonlinearly when the bracket wire angulation was >5°. The PCS-S bracket showed the lowest FR from 5° to 15° of angulation. The MCS bracket demonstrated the highest increase in FR from 0° to 15° of angulation, showing the highest FR at 15° of angulation. Conclusion: PCA-S showed minimal FR among the ceramic brackets, and was comparable to the conventional SS bracket. The silica layer and rounded edges of the ceramic slot lowered FR considerably.
Full Text
http://www.angle.org/doi/full/10.2319/092705-333R.1
DOI
10.2319/092705-333R.1
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Cha, Jung Yul(차정열)
Hwang, Chung Ju(황충주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3024-4551
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/95602
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