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Health risks assessment in children for phthalate exposure associated with childcare facilities and indoor playgrounds.

Authors
 Ho-Hyun Kim  ;  Ji-Yeon Yang  ;  Young-Wook Lim  ;  Dong-Chun Shin  ;  Chung-Soo Lee  ;  Su-Hee Yang  ;  Sun-Duk Kim 
Citation
 Environmental Health and Toxicology, Vol.26 : 20110008-20110008, 2011 
Journal Title
 Environmental Health and Toxicology 
ISSN
 2093-6400 
Issue Date
2011
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the health risks for children exposed to phthalate through several pathways including house dust, surface wipes and hand wipes in child facilities and indoor playgrounds. METHODS: The indoor samples were collected from various children's facilities (40 playrooms, 42 daycare centers, 44 kindergartens, and 42 indoor-playgrounds) in both summer (Jul-Sep, 2007) and winter (Jan-Feb, 2008). Hazard index (HI) was estimated for the non-carcinogens and the examined phthalates were diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), dibutyl-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), and butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP). The present study examined these four kinds of samples, i.e., indoor dust, surface wipes of product and hand wipes. RESULTS: Among the phthalates, the detection rates of DEHP were 98% in dust samples, 100% in surface wipe samples, and 95% in hand wipe samples. In this study, phthalate levels obtained from floor dust, product surface and children's hand wipe samples were similar to or slightly less compared to previous studies. The 50(th) and 95(th) percentile value of child-sensitive materials did not exceed 1 (HI) for all subjects in all facilities. CONCLUSIONS: For DEHP, DnBP and BBzP their detection rates through multi-routes were high and their risk based on health risk assessment was also observed to be acceptable. This study suggested that ingestion and dermal exposure could be the most important pathway of phthalates besides digestion through food.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/94998
DOI
10.5620/eht.2011.26.e2011008
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute for Environmental Research (환경공해연구소)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김호현(Kim, Ho Hyen) ; 신동천(Shin, Dong Chun) ; 양지연(Yang, Ji Yeon) ; 이청수(Lee, Chung Soo) ; 임영욱(Lim, Young Wook)
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