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일부 다중이용시설의 휘발성유기화합물류 및 폼알데하이드 노출로 인한 건강 위해성 평가 : 호텔, 헬스장, 고시원, 독서실, 비디오방을 중심으로

 김호현  ;  양지연  ;  임영욱  ;  신동천  ;  손종렬  ;  박주희  ;  박창수 
 Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment (한국실내환경학회지), Vol.8(3) : 157-169, 2011 
Journal Title
 Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment  (한국실내환경학회지) 
Issue Date
This study was to assess the lifetime cancer and non-cancer risk on exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and formaldehyde of worker and user at public facilities in Korea. We measured the concentrations of formaldehyde and VOCs in indoor air at 160 public buildings that 5 kinds of public facilities (30 hotel, 30 fitness center, 25 gosiwon, 30 reading-room and 45 video-room) all over the country. There were estimated the human exposure dose and risks with averages of the using-time and frequency for facility users and office workers, respectively. Carcinogens (benzene and formaldehyde) were estimated the lifetime excess cancer risks (ECRs). Non-carcinogens (toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, and styrene) were estimated the hazard quotients (HQs). HQs of four non-carcinogens did not exceed 1.0 for all subjects in all facilities. Higher HQs of toluene were observed at the reading-room. The average ECRs of formaldehyde and benzene for facility worker and user were 1×10-4~1×10-6 level in all facilities. The estimated ECRs for reading-room were the highest and the fitness center and gosiwon were the next higher facilities. Because lifetime ECRs of carcinogens exceeded 1×10-4 for facility worker in the most facilities, risk management of formaldehyde and benzene in the facilities was necessary. IAQ guidelines should be determined strictly to prevent occurrence of disease caused by poor IAQ beforehand.
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute for Environmental Research (환경공해연구소)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김호현(Kim, Ho Hyen) ; 신동천(Shin, Dong Chun) ; 양지연(Yang, Ji Yeon) ; 임영욱(Lim, Young Wook)
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