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일부 다중이용시설의 휘발성유기화합물류 및 폼알데하이드 노출로 인한 건강 위해성 평가 : 호텔, 헬스장, 고시원, 독서실, 비디오방을 중심으로

Authors
 김호현  ;  양지연  ;  박창수  ;  박주희  ;  손종렬  ;  신동천  ;  임영욱 
Citation
 Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment (한국실내환경학회지), Vol.8(3) : 157-169, 2011 
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment(한국실내환경학회지)
ISSN
 1738-4125 
Issue Date
2011
Keywords
VOCs ; formaldehyde ; health risk assessment ; public facility
Abstract
This study was to assess the lifetime cancer and non-cancer risk on exposure to volatile organic compounds
(VOCs) and formaldehyde of worker and user at public facilities in Korea. We measured the concentrations
of formaldehyde and VOCs in indoor air at 160 public buildings that 5 kinds of public facilities (30 hotel, 30
fitness center, 25 gosiwon, 30 reading-room and 45 video-room) all over the country. There were estimated
the human exposure dose and risks with averages of the using-time and frequency for facility users and
office workers, respectively. Carcinogens (benzene and formaldehyde) were estimated the lifetime excess
cancer risks (ECRs). Non-carcinogens (toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, and styrene) were estimated the hazard
quotients (HQs). HQs of four non-carcinogens did not exceed 1.0 for all subjects in all facilities. Higher HQs
of toluene were observed at the reading-room. The average ECRs of formaldehyde and benzene for facility
worker and user were 1×10-4~1×10-6 level in all facilities. The estimated ECRs for reading-room were the
highest and the fitness center and gosiwon were the next higher facilities. Because lifetime ECRs of
carcinogens exceeded 1×10-4 for facility worker in the most facilities, risk management of formaldehyde and
benzene in the facilities was necessary. IAQ guidelines should be determined strictly to prevent occurrence
of disease caused by poor IAQ beforehand.
Files in This Item:
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Research Institute (부설연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ho Hyen(김호현)
Shin, Dong Chun(신동천) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4252-2280
Yang, Ji Yeon(양지연)
Lim, Young Wook(임영욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8845-2850
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/94995
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