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Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 mediates high glucose-induced apoptosis by increasing oxidative stress in proximal tubular epithelial cells.

 Eun-Gyong Yoo  ;  Woo Jung Lee  ;  Youngman Oh  ;  Ho-Seong Kim  ;  Duk Hee Kim  ;  Se Eun Hyun  ;  Hyun-Wook Chae  ;  Jung Hyun Kim 
 Endocrinology, Vol.152(8) : 3135-3142, 2011 
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IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is the major circulating carrier protein for IGF, and also acts as a potent antiproliferative agent in various cell types. Recently, IGFBP-3 was reported to mediate high glucose-induced apoptosis in mesangial cells and podocytes. In this study, we investigated the role of IGFBP-3 in high glucose-induced apoptosis in proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC). Expression of IGFBP-3 protein and mRNA in a porcine PTEC line (LLC-PK1 cells) was measured after exposure to either standard (5.5 mM) or high-glucose (30 mM) medium. We quantified apoptosis after treatment with small interfering RNA against IGFBP-3 (siRNA:IGFBP-3) in high-glucose medium or in cells that overexpressed IGFBP-3. Oxidative stress was measured in high-glucose medium, in the presence of siRNA:IGFBP-3, or in IGFBP-3-overexpressing cells. IGFBP-3 protein and mRNA expression in LLC-PK1 cells was higher in high-glucose medium than in standard-glucose medium. Exposure to high-glucose medium increased apoptosis, and high-glucose-induced apoptosis was abolished by siRNA:IGFBP-3. IGFBP-3 overexpression induced apoptosis in LLC-PK1 cells. Both high-glucose medium and IGFBP-3 overexpression increased reactive oxygen species, and siRNA:IGFBP-3 reduced this increase. Antioxidant treatment decreased IGFBP-3 expression and apoptosis, whereas oxidative stress from hydrogen peroxide increased IGFBP-3 expression, suggesting that oxidative stress increases IGFBP-3 expression. Our results suggest that increased IGFBP-3 expression by high glucose mediates high-glucose-induced apoptosis in PTEC. Increased oxidative stress from high glucose enhances IGFBP-3 expression, inducing apoptosis. Increased expression of IGFBP-3 by high glucose induces additional oxidative stress, which may result in amplification of hyperglycemic damage.
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원)
Yonsei Authors
김덕희(Kim, Duk Hee) ; 김호성(Kim, Ho Seong) ; 이우정(Lee, Woo Jung) ; 채현욱(Chae, Hyun Wook) ; 현세은(Hyun, Se Eun)
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