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Effect of hypoxia-inducible VEGF gene expression on revascularization and graft function in mouse islet transplantation.

Authors
 Byung Wan Lee ; Minhyung Lee ; Sung-Hee Ihm ; Hyung Joon Yoo ; Seong Jin Lee ; Chul Sik Kim ; Jun Goo Kang ; Sanghyun Lee ; Hee Young Chae 
Citation
 Transplant International, Vol.24(3) : 307~314, 2011 
Journal Title
 Transplant International 
ISSN
 0934-0874 
Issue Date
2011
Abstract
For gene transfer strategies to improve islet engraftment, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression should be regulated in a way that matches the transient nature of revascularization with simultaneously avoiding undesirable effects of overexpression. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hypoxia-inducible VEGF gene transfer using the RTP801 promoter on islet grafts. We implanted pSV-hVEGF transfected, pRTP801-hVEGF transfected or nontransfected mouse islets under the kidney capsule of streptozotocin-induced diabetic syngeneic mice. Human VEGF immunostaining of day 3 grafts revealed that the pRTP801-hVEGF transfected group had higher hVEGF expression compared with the pSV-hVEGF transfected group. BS-1 staining of day 3 grafts from the pRTP801-hVEGF transfected group showed the highest vascular density, which was comparable with day 6 grafts from the nontransfected group. In 360 islet equivalent (IEQ)-transplantation which reverted hyperglycemia in all mice, the area under the curve of glucose levels during intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test 7 weeks post-transplant was lower in mice transplanted with pRTP801-hVEGF transfected grafts compared with mice transplanted with nontransfected grafts. In 220 IEQ-transplantations, diabetic mice transplanted with pRTP801-hVEGF islets became normoglycemic more rapidly compared with mice transplanted with pSV-hVEGF or nontransfected islets, and diabetes reversal rate after 50 days was 90%, 68%, and 50%, respectively. In conclusion, our results indicate that regulated overexpression of hVEGF in a hypoxia-inducible manner enhances islet vascular engraftment and preserves islet function overtime in transplants
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/94231
DOI
10.1111/j.1432-2277.2010.01194.x
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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Link
 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1432-2277.2010.01194.x/abstract
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