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Multicenter retrospective analysis of 581 patients with primary intestinal non-hodgkin lymphoma from the Consortium for Improving Survival of Lymphoma (CISL).

 Seok Jin Kim  ;  Chul Won Choi  ;  Yeung-Chul Mun  ;  Sung Yong Oh  ;  Hye Jin Kang  ;  Soon Il Lee  ;  Jong Ho Won  ;  Min Kyoung Kim  ;  Jung Hye Kwon  ;  Jin Seok Kim  ;  Jae-Yong Kwak  ;  Jung Mi Kwon  ;  In Gyu Hwang  ;  Hyo Jung Kim  ;  Jae Hoon Lee  ;  Sukjoong Oh  ;  Keon Woo Park6, Cheolwon Suh  ;  Won Seog Kim 
 BMC CANCER, Vol.11 : 321, 2011 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Female ; Humans ; IntestinalNeoplasms/classification ; IntestinalNeoplasms/pathology* ; Kaplan-Meier Estimate ; Lymphoma, B-Cell/classification ; Lymphoma, B-Cell/pathology ; Lymphoma,Non-Hodgkin/classification ; Lymphoma,Non-Hodgkin/pathology* ; Lymphoma, T-Cell/classification ; Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prognosis ; RetrospectiveStudies ; Young Adult
Intestine ; non-Hodgkin lymphoma ; prognosis ; histopathology
BACKGROUND: Primary intestinal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a heterogeneous disease with regard to anatomic and histologic distribution. Thus, analyses focusing on primary intestinal NHL with large number of patients are warranted.

METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 581 patients from 16 hospitals in Korea for primary intestinal NHL in this retrospective analysis. We compared clinical features and treatment outcomes according to the anatomic site of involvement and histologic subtypes.

RESULTS: B-cell lymphoma (n = 504, 86.7%) was more frequent than T-cell lymphoma (n = 77, 13.3%). Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was the most common subtype (n = 386, 66.4%), and extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) was the second most common subtype (n = 61, 10.5%). B-cell lymphoma mainly presented as localized disease (Lugano stage I/II) while T-cell lymphomas involved multiple intestinal sites. Thus, T-cell lymphoma had more unfavourable characteristics such as advanced stage at diagnosis, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was significantly lower than B-cell lymphoma (28% versus 71%, P < 0.001). B symptoms were relatively uncommon (20.7%), and bone marrow invasion was a rare event (7.4%). The ileocecal region was the most commonly involved site (39.8%), followed by the small (27.9%) and large intestines (21.5%). Patients underwent surgery showed better OS than patients did not (5-year OS rate 77% versus 57%, P < 0.001). However, this beneficial effect of surgery was only statistically significant in patients with B-cell lymphomas (P < 0.001) not in T-cell lymphomas (P = 0.460). The comparison of survival based on the anatomic site of involvement showed that ileocecal regions had a better 5-year overall survival rate (72%) than other sites in consistent with that ileocecal region had higher proportion of patients with DLBCL who underwent surgery. Age > 60 years, performance status ≥ 2, elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase, Lugano stage IV, presence of B symptoms, and T-cell phenotype were independent prognostic factors for survival.

CONCLUSIONS: The survival of patients with ileocecal region involvement was better than that of patients with involvement at other sites, which might be related to histologic distribution, the proportion of tumor stage, and need for surgical resection.
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Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jin Seok(김진석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8986-8436
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