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The effect of preconditioning on liver regeneration after hepatic resection in cirrhotic rats

 Seon Ok Min  ;  Sung Hoon Kim  ;  Sang Woo Lee  ;  Jin A Cho  ;  Kyung Sik Kim 
 Korean Journal of Hepatology (대한간학회지), Vol.17(2) : 139-149, 2011 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Hepatology (대한간학회지) 
Issue Date
Alanine Transaminase/blood ; Animals ; Apoptosis ; Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood ; Constriction ; Hepatectomy/methods ; Hepatic Artery ; Ischemic Preconditioning* ; Liver/blood supply ; Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/chemically induced ; Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/complications ; Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/pathology* ; Liver Regeneration* ; Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism ; Rats ; Rats, Sprague-Dawley ; Reperfusion Injury/complications ; Reperfusion Injury/enzymology ; Reperfusion Injury/pathology ; Thioacetamide/toxicity
Liver cirrhosis ; Ischemic preconditioning ; Liver regeneration ; Hepatectomy ; Apoptosis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ischemic preconditioning (IP) decreases severity of liver necrosis and has anti-apoptotic effects in previous studies using liver regeneration in normal rats. This study assessed the effect of IP on liver regeneration after hepatic resection in cirrhotic rats. METHODS: To induce liver cirrhosis, thioacetamide (300 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally into Sprague-Dawley rats twice per week for 16 weeks. Animals were divided into four groups: non-clamping (NC), total clamping (TC), IP, and intermittent clamping (IC). Ischemic injury was induced by clamping the left portal pedicle including the portal vein and hepatic artery. Liver enzymes alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured to assess liver damage. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining for apoptosis and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) staining for cell replication were also performed. RESULTS: Day-1 ALT and AST were highest in IP, however, levels in NC and IC were comparably low on days 1-7. There was no significant correlation of AST or ALT with experimental groups (P=0.615 and P=0.186). On TUNEL, numbers of apoptotic cells at 100x magnification (cells/field) were 31.8+/-24.2 in NC, 69.0+/-72.3 in TC, 80.2+/-63.1 in IP, and 21.2+/-20.8 in IC (P<0.05). When regeneration capacity was assessed by PCNA staining, PCNA-positive cells (cells/field) at 400x were 3.4+/-6.0 in NC, 16.9+/-69 in TC, 17.0+/-7.8 in IP and 7.4+/-7.6 in IC (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Although regeneration capacity in IP is higher than IC, the liver is vulnerable to ischemic damage in cirrhotic rats. Careful consideration is needed in applying IP in the clinical setting.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Sik(김경식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9498-284X
Kim, Sung Hoon(김성훈)
Min, Seon Ok(민선옥)
Lee, Sang Woo(이상우)
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