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Genetic and pharmacologic inhibition of the Ca2+ influx channel TRPC3 protects secretory epithelia from Ca2+-dependent toxicity

 Min Seuk Kim  ;  Kyu Pil Lee  ;  Dongki Yang  ;  Dong Min Shin  ;  Joel Abramowitz  ;  Shigeki Kiyonaka  ;  Lutz Birnbaumer  ;  Yasuo Mori  ;  Shmuel Muallem 
 GASTROENTEROLOGY, Vol.140(7) : 2107-2115.e4, 2011 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Acute Disease ; Animals ; Calcium Channel Blockers/pharmacology* ; Calcium Signaling/drug effects* ; Ceruletide ; Disease Models, Animal ; Epithelial Cells/drug effects* ; Epithelial Cells/metabolism ; Epithelial Cells/pathology ; Epithelial Cells/secretion ; Mice ; Mice, Knockout ; Pancreas/drug effects* ; Pancreas/metabolism ; Pancreas/pathology ; Pancreas/secretion ; Pancreatitis/chemically induced ; Pancreatitis/drug therapy* ; Pancreatitis/genetics ; Pancreatitis/metabolism ; Pancreatitis/pathology ; Pyrazoles/pharmacology* ; Salivary Gland Diseases/drug therapy* ; Salivary Gland Diseases/genetics ; Salivary Gland Diseases/metabolism ; Salivary Gland Diseases/pathology ; Salivary Glands/drug effects* ; Salivary Glands/metabolism ; Salivary Glands/pathology ; Salivary Glands/secretion ; Severity of Illness Index ; TRPC Cation Channels/antagonists & inhibitors* ; TRPC Cation Channels/deficiency ; TRPC Cation Channels/genetics ; Time Factors
Ca2+ influx ; inflammation ; cell death ; therapeutics
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Excessive Ca2+ influx mediates many cytotoxic processes, including those associated with autoimmune inflammatory diseases such as acute pancreatitis and Sjögren syndrome. Transient receptor potential (canonical) channel (TRPC) 3 is a major Ca2+ influx channel in pancreatic and salivary gland cells. We investigated whether genetic or pharmacologic inhibition of TRPC3 protects pancreas and salivary glands from Ca2+-dependent damage.

METHODS: We developed a Ca2+-dependent model of cell damage for salivary gland acini. Acute pancreatitis was induced by injection of cerulein into wild-type and Trpc3-/- mice. Mice were also given the Trpc3-selective inhibitor pyrazole 3 (Pyr3).

RESULTS: Salivary glands and pancreas of Trpc3-/- mice were protected from Ca2+-mediated cell toxicity. Analysis of Ca2+ signaling in wild-type and Trpc3-/- acini showed that Pyr3 is a highly specific inhibitor of Tprc3; it protected salivary glands and pancreas cells from Ca2+-mediated toxicity by inhibiting the Trpc3-mediated component of Ca2+ influx.

CONCLUSIONS: TRPC3-mediated Ca2+ influx mediates damage to pancreas and salivary glands. Pharmacologic inhibition of TRPC3 with the highly selective TRPC3 inhibitor Pyr3 might be developed for treatment of patients with acute pancreatitis and Sjögren syndrome
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Dong Min(신동민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6042-0435
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