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Molecular characterization of apoptosis induced by CARF silencing in human cancer cells

Authors
 CT Cheung  ;  R Singh  ;  AR Yoon  ;  MK Hasan  ;  T Yaguchi  ;  SC Kaul  ;  CO Yun  ;  R Wadhwa 
Citation
 Cell Death and Differentiation, Vol.18(4) : 589-601, 2011 
Journal Title
 Cell Death and Differentiation 
ISSN
 1350-9047 
Issue Date
2011
Abstract
Collaborator of ARF (CARF) was cloned as an ARF-interacting protein and shown to regulate the p53-p21(WAF1)-HDM2 pathway, which is central to tumor suppression via senescence and apoptosis. We had previously reported that CARF inhibition in cancer cells led to polyploidy and caspase-dependent apoptosis, however, the mechanisms governing this phenomenon remained unknown. Thus, we examined various cell death and survival pathways including the mitochondrial stress, ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)-ATR, Ras-MAP kinase and retinoblastoma cascades. We found that CARF is a pleiotropic regulator with widespread effects; its suppression affected all investigated pathways. Most remarkably, it protected the cells against genotoxicity; CARF knockdown elicited DNA damage response as evidenced by increased levels of phosphorylated ATM and γH2AX, leading to induction of mitotic arrest and eventual apoptosis. We also show that the CARF-silencing-induced apoptosis in vitro translates to in vivo. In a human tumor xenograft mouse model, treatment of developing tumors with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) against CARF via an adenovirus carrier induced complete suppression of tumor growth, suggesting that CARF shRNA is a strong candidate for an anticancer reagent. We demonstrate that CARF has a vital role in genome preservation and tumor suppression and CARF siRNA is an effective novel cancer therapeutic agent
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/92827
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute for Cancer Research (암연구소)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부)
Yonsei Authors
윤아름(Yoon, A Rum) ; 윤채옥(Yun, Chae Ok)
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