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Clinical and echocardiographic findings of newly diagnosed acute decompensated heart failure in elderly patients.

Authors
 Jeonggeun Moon  ;  Seok-Min Kang  ;  In Jeong Cho  ;  Jaewon Oh  ;  Jaemin Shim  ;  Sang-Hak Lee  ;  Yangsoo Jang  ;  Namsik Chung 
Citation
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.52(1) : 33-38, 2011 
Journal Title
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL 
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
2011
MeSH
Aged ; Echocardiography/methods* ; Female ; Heart Failure/diagnosis* ; Heart Failure/epidemiology* ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Retrospective Studies
Keywords
Acute heart failure ; elderly patients ; echocardiography
Abstract
PURPOSE: Elderly patients (pts) (EPs; ≥ 65 years old) with newly diagnosed-acute decompensated heart failure (ND-ADHF) have not yet been studied. The aim of the present study was to investigate clinical characteristics, including echocardiographic findings and prognosis, for EPs with ND-ADHF and to compare those with non-elderly pts (NEPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 256 pts (144 males, 63.0 ± 14.8 years old) who were admitted to our hospital between January 2005 and March 2009 with ND-ADHF. Clinical characteristics and echocardiographic parameters were analyzed in EPs (n = 135, 58 males) and NEPs (n = 121, 86 males). RESULTS: In intergroup comparison, female gender, diabetes mellitus, previous stroke and hypertension were more common in EPs. Body mass index (22.3 ± 4.5 vs. 24.0 ± 4.4 kg/m(2)), estimated glomerular filtration rate (54.8 ± 24.3 vs. 69.2 ± 30.7 mL/min/m(2)), C-reactive protein (28.5 ± 46.9 vs. 7.6 ± 11.6 mg/dL), hemoglobin (12.3 ± 2.1 vs. 13.6 ± 2.3 g/dL) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level (10,538.2 ± 10,942.3 vs. 6,771.0 ± 8,964.7 pg/mL) were significantly different (p < 0.05 for all). Early mitral inflow velocity to early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E/E') was significantly higher in EPs than in NEPs (21.2 ± 9.4 vs. 18.0 ± 8.9, p < 0.05). During follow-up (44.7 ± 14.5 months), there were no significant differences in in-hospital mortality, re-hospitalization and cardiovascular mortality between EPs and NEPs (p = NS for all). CONCLUSION: EPs with ND-ADHF have different clinical characteristics and higher LV filling pressure when compared with NEPs. However, the clinical outcomes for NEPs with ND-ADHF are not necessarily more favorable than those for EPs.
Files in This Item:
T201100765.pdf Download
DOI
10.3349/ymj.2011.52.1.33
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Seok Min(강석민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9856-9227
Moon, Jeong Geun(문정근)
Shim, Jae Min(심재민)
Oh, Jae Won(오재원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4585-1488
Lee, Sang Hak(이상학) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4535-3745
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Chung, Nam Sik(정남식)
Cho, In Jeong(조인정)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/92810
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