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미숙아 망막병증을 가진 극소 저체중 출생아에서 수술의 위험인자

Other Titles
 Risk of Surgery for Retinopathy of Prematurity in Very Low Birht Weight Infants 
 김남효  ;  이순민  ;  은호선  ;  박민수  ;  박국인  ;  남궁란  ;  이철 
 Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology (대한신생아학회지), Vol.19(2) : 71-76, 2012 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology (대한신생아학회지) 
Issue Date
ROP ; Risk factor ; Weight gain ; VLBW
Purpose: The main postnatal risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were described as prolonged oxygen therapy and lower gestational age. Recent data suggest poor early weight gain during the first weeks of life, which can be an additional predictor of severe ROP. We aimed to analyze the risk factors associated with requiring operation for ROP in preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). Methods: In a retrospective case control study, from January 2004 to June 2010, 140 VLBW infants diagnosed as ROP by the International classification of ROP were recruited. There were 14% of infants with stage 1 disease, 65.7% stage 2, and 20% stage 3 or more. A group requiring a laser surgery for ROP was 66 infants, and a group not requiring surgery was 74 infants. Results: By a univariate analysis, antenatal steroid, chorioamnionitis, gestational age, birth weight, days on oxygen, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalasia and sepsis were significantly associated with ROP requiring surgery. Weight differences between birth and each from 4 to 12 weeks were significantly lower in the infants requiring surgery (P<0.05). However, after adjustment for gestational age in logistic regression, weight difference between birth and 8th week was a significant predictive factor for the requirement of surgery in infants with ROP (OR, 0.998; 95% CI, 0.996-0.999, P=0.013). Conclusion: We suggest that careful monitoring of weight change and aggresive nutritional support for poorly growing infants, during the first 8 weeks of life, may possibly prevent laser surgery of ROP in preterm VLBW infants.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Nam Hyo(김남효)
Namgung, Ran(남궁란) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7182-9535
Park, Kook In(박국인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8499-9293
Park, Min Soo(박민수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4395-9938
Eun, Ho Seon(은호선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7212-0341
Lee, Soon Min(이순민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0174-1065
Lee, Chul(이철)
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