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Significant reduction of atrial defibrillation threshold and inducibility by catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.

Authors
 EUI-SEOCK HWANG  ;  GI BYUNG NAM  ;  HUI-NAM PAK  ;  MOON HYOUNG LEE  ;  JAE-SUN UHM  ;  JAEMIN SHIM  ;  JIHEI SARA LEE  ;  JUNBEOM PARK  ;  BOYOUNG JOUNG 
Citation
 PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, Vol.35(12) : 1428-1435, 2012 
Journal Title
 PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 
ISSN
 0147-8389 
Issue Date
2012
Abstract
Background: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) has antiarrhythmic effects by multiple mechanisms. We hypothesized that RFCA curtails atrial defibrillation threshold (A-DFT) and postablation induction pacing cycle length (iPCL), making critical mass reduction one potential mechanism by which antiarrhythmic effect is achieved. Methods: We included 289 patients with AF (male 77.9%, 55.7 ± 10.8 years old; 197 paroxysmal AF: 92 persistent AF) who underwent RFCA. A-DFT (serial internal cardioversion 2, 3, 5, 7, and 10 J) and iPCL (serial 10 mA 10-second atrial pacing with pacing cycle length 250, 200, 190, 180, 170, 160, and 150 ms) were evaluated before and after RFCA. Results: (1) RFCA of AF reduced the A-DFT from 6.7 ± 3.7 J to 3.0 ± 3.0 J (P < 0.001). (2) AF ablation reduced AF inducibility from 95.4% before the procedure to 56.3% after the procedure (P < 0.001), and the iPCL from 194.8 ± 32.6 to 160.9 ± 26.2 ms (P < 0.001). (3) In patients who underwent a greater number of ablation lines, the post-RFCA A-DFT (P < 0.001) was lower, and %ΔA-DFT (P = 0.003) and proportion of atrial tachycardia (P = 0.022) were higher than those with a lower number of ablation lines. Conclusion: AF ablation significantly reduced A-DFT, AF inducibility, and iPCL, and the degree of their reduction was related to the number of ablation lines.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/91627
DOI
10.1111/j.1540-8159.2012.03517.x
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
박준범(Park, Jun Beom) ; 박희남(Pak, Hui Nam) ; 심재민(Shim, Jae Min) ; 엄재선(Uhm, Jae Sun) ; 이문형(Lee, Moon Hyoung) ; 정보영(Joung, Bo Young) ; 황의석(Hwang, Eui Seock)
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Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1540-8159.2012.03517.x/abstract
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