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The socioeconomic burden of coronary heart disease in Korea

 Hoo-Sun Chang ; Han-Joong Kim ; Hye-Young Kang ; Sera Kim ; Young-Hwa Jang ; Seung-Ji Lim ; Chung-Mo Nam 
 Journal of Preventive Medicine & Public Health, Vol.45(5) : 291~300, 2012 
Journal Title
 Journal of Preventive Medicine & Public Health 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate the annual socioeconomic burden of coronary heart disease (CHD) in Korea in 2005, using the National Health Insurance (NHI) claims data. METHODS: A prevalence-based, top-down, cost-of-treatment method was used to assess the direct and indirect costs of CHD (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision codes of I20-I25), angina pectoris (I20), and myocardial infarction (MI, I21-I23) from a societal perspective. RESULTS: Estimated national spending on CHD in 2005 was $2.52 billion. The majority of the spending was attributable to medical costs (53.3%), followed by productivity loss due to morbidity and premature death (33.6%), transportation (8.1%), and informal caregiver costs (4.9%). While medical cost was the predominant cost attribute in treating angina (74.3% of the total cost), premature death was the largest cost attribute for patients with MI (66.9%). Annual per-capita cost of treating MI, excluding premature death cost, was $3183, which is about 2 times higher than the cost for angina ($1556). CONCLUSIONS: The total insurance-covered medical cost ($1.13 billion) of CHD accounted for approximately 6.02% of the total annual NHI expenditure. These findings suggest that the current burden of CHD on society is tremendous and that more effective prevention strategies are required in Korea.
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