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Preservation of renal function by thyroid hormone replacement therapy in chronic kidney disease patients with subclinical hypothyroidism

 Dong Ho Shin  ;  Mi Jung Lee  ;  Seung Jun Kim  ;  Hyung Jung Oh  ;  Hyoung Rae Kim  ;  Jae Hyun Han  ;  Hyang Mo Koo  ;  Fa Mee Doh  ;  Jung Tak Park  ;  Seung Hyeok Han  ;  Tae-Hyun Yoo  ;  Shin-Wook Kang 
 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Vol.97(8) : 2732-2740, 2012 
Journal Title
 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 
Issue Date
CONTEXT: Subclinical hypothyroidism is not a rare condition, but the use of thyroid hormone to treat subclinical hypothyroidism is an issue of debate. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the impact of thyroid hormone therapy on the changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in subclinical hypothyroidism patients with stage 2-4 chronic kidney disease. PATIENTS: A total of 309 patients were included in the final analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The changes in eGFR over time were compared between patients with and without thyroid hormone replacement therapy using a linear mixed model. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed to determine the effect of thyroid hormone on renal outcome, a reduction of eGFR by 50%, or end-stage renal disease. The independent prognostic value of subclinical hypothyroidism treatment for renal outcome was ascertained by multivariate Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Among the 309 patients, 180 (58.3%) took thyroid hormone (treatment group), whereas 129 (41.7%) did not (nontreatment group). During the mean follow-up duration of 34.8 ± 24.3 months, the overall rate of decline in eGFR was significantly greater in the nontreatment group compared to the treatment group (-5.93 ± 1.65 vs. -2.11 ± 1.12 ml/min/yr/1.73 m(2); P = 0.04). Moreover, a linear mixed model revealed that there was a significant difference in the rates of eGFR decline over time between the two groups (P < 0.01). Kaplan-Meier analysis also showed that renal event-free survival was significantly lower in the nontreatment group (P < 0.01). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, thyroid hormone replacement therapy was found to be an independent predictor of renal outcome (hazard ratio, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.12-0.68; P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Thyroid hormone therapy not only preserved renal function better, but was also an independent predictor of renal outcome in chronic kidney disease patients with subclinical hypothyroidism.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Shin Wook(강신욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5677-4756
Koo, Hyang Mo(구향모)
Kim, Seung Jun(김승준)
Kim, Hyoung Rae(김형래)
Doh, Fa Mee(도화미) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4780-6728
Park, Jung Tak(박정탁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2325-8982
Oh, Hyung Jung(오형중)
Yoo, Tae Hyun(유태현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9183-4507
Lee, Mi Jung(이미정)
Han, Seung Hyeok(한승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7923-5635
Han, Jae Hyun(한재현)
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