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Health Risk Assessment for Artificial Turf Playgrounds in School Athletic Facilities-Multi-route Exposure Estimation for Use Patterns

Authors
Ho-Hyun Kim  ;  Young-Wook Lim  ;  Sun-Duk Kim  ;  In-Young Yeo  ;  Dong-Chun Shin  ;  Ji-Yeon Yang
Citation
Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment, Vol.6(3) : 206-221, 2012
Journal Title
Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
ISSN
1976-6912
Issue Date
2012
Abstract
Hazardous chemicals can be released from artificial turf used in some school playgrounds. To distinguish between Health risk assessment (HRA) exposure scenarios for this study, the ratio of elementary, middle and high schools was considered before final selection. Considering exposure pathways (inhalational, oral and dermal), media and materials were examined, targeting hazardous chemicals released from artificial turf playground-related products. Upon evaluation, the quantity of infill chips was shown to exceed the domestic product content standard (90 mg/kg) at eight (16%) out of 50 schools. PAHs were shown to exceed standards (10 mg/kg) at two (4%) out of the 50 schools. The excess cancer risk (ECR) of carcinogens was shown to be $1{\times}10^{-6}$ in most users for the worst exposure scenario. In children with pica, who represented the most extreme exposure group, the ECR was expected to be as high as $1{\times}10^{-4}$, showing the low risk level of carcinogens. The hazard index (HI) for individual chemicals was shown to be low, at around 0.1 or less, except for children with pica, according to the mean exposure scenario of artificial turf playground exposure. However, the HI was shown to exceed 1.0 in children with pica. Therefore, no direct health risk was found in using artificial turf playgrounds and urethane flooring tracks for the mean exposure scenario, except in children with pica.
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DOI
10.5572/ajae.2012.6.3.206
Appears in Collections:
5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute for Environmental Research (환경공해연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김호현(Kim, Ho Hyen)
신동천(Shin, Dong Chun)  https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4252-2280
양지연(Yang, Ji Yeon)
임영욱(Lim, Young Wook)  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8845-2850
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/89639
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