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Health Risk Assessment for Artificial Turf Playgrounds in School Athletic Facilities-Multi-route Exposure Estimation for Use Patterns

Authors
 Ho-Hyun Kim ; Young-Wook Lim ; Ji-Yeon Yang ; Dong-Chun Shin ; In-Young Yeo ; Sun-Duk Kim 
Citation
 Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment, Vol.6(3) : 206~221, 2012 
Journal Title
 Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment 
ISSN
 1976-6912 
Issue Date
2012
Abstract
Hazardous chemicals can be released from artificial turf used in some school playgrounds. To distinguish between Health risk assessment (HRA) exposure scenarios for this study, the ratio of elementary, middle and high schools was considered before final selection. Considering exposure pathways (inhalational, oral and dermal), media and materials were examined, targeting hazardous chemicals released from artificial turf playground-related products. Upon evaluation, the quantity of infill chips was shown to exceed the domestic product content standard (90 mg/kg) at eight (16%) out of 50 schools. PAHs were shown to exceed standards (10 mg/kg) at two (4%) out of the 50 schools. The excess cancer risk (ECR) of carcinogens was shown to be $1{\times}10^{-6}$ in most users for the worst exposure scenario. In children with pica, who represented the most extreme exposure group, the ECR was expected to be as high as $1{\times}10^{-4}$, showing the low risk level of carcinogens. The hazard index (HI) for individual chemicals was shown to be low, at around 0.1 or less, except for children with pica, according to the mean exposure scenario of artificial turf playground exposure. However, the HI was shown to exceed 1.0 in children with pica. Therefore, no direct health risk was found in using artificial turf playgrounds and urethane flooring tracks for the mean exposure scenario, except in children with pica.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/89639
DOI
10.5572/ajae.2012.6.3.206
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 5. Research Institutes > Institute for Environmental Research
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Preventive Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 4. Graduate School of Public Health > Graduate School of Public Health
Yonsei Authors
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