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NSAID is inversely associated with asymptomatic gastric ulcer: Local health examination data from the Korean National Health Insurance Corporation

Authors
 Hee Man Kim  ;  Jae Hee Cho  ;  Jin Yi Choi  ;  Song Wook Chun  ;  Yu Jin Kim  ;  Hyeon Geun Cho  ;  Si Young Song  ;  Ki Jun Han 
Citation
 SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, Vol.48(12) : 1371-1376, 2013 
Journal Title
 SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY 
ISSN
 0036-5521 
Issue Date
2013
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects* ; Asymptomatic Diseases ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Duodenal Ulcer/chemically induced ; Duodenal Ulcer/diagnosis ; Endoscopy, Digestive System ; Female ; Health Surveys ; Humans ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Multivariate Analysis ; National Health Programs ; Odds Ratio ; Republic of Korea ; Risk Factors ; Stomach Ulcer/chemically induced* ; Stomach Ulcer/diagnosis ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
NSAID ; peptic ulcer ; symptom
Abstract
BACKGROUND. Silent peptic ulcer has been considered to be associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). The recent studies have reported no relationship between them. AIM. We attempted to investigate an association between asymptomatic peptic ulcer and NSAID in Korean adults. METHODS. The subjects were enrolled from participants visiting Myongji Hospital for health examination program of the Korean National Health Insurance Corporation. The questionnaires were designed to investigate individual medical information and gastroduodenal symptoms. RESULTS. From May 2005 to March 2009, 5459 participants were enrolled and 299 participants were excluded. Of 5160 participants, 3144 (60.9%) participants were asymptomatic and 424 (8.2%) participants had peptic ulcer. Among 3144 asymptomatic participants, NSAID-taking participants had the odds ratio of 1.4 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.7-2.6, p = 0.339] for the risk of peptic ulcer. Among 424 peptic ulcer patients, 247 (58.3%) were asymptomatic. They had lower prevalence of NSAID use (4.9% vs. 14.7%). The asymptomatic gastric ulcer patients had smaller size and more frequent healing stage than the symptomatic gastric ulcer patients. In multivariable analysis of 424 peptic ulcer patients, NSAID patients had the odds ratio of 0.249 (95%CI: 0.115-0.536, p < 0.05) for asymptomatic peptic ulcer. In subgroup analysis of 284 gastric ulcer patients, NSAID-taking patients had the odds ratio of 0.263 (95% CI: 0.105-0.657, p = 0.004) for asymptomatic peptic ulcer. CONCLUSION. NSAID has an inverse association with asymptomatic patients with gastric peptic ulcer, but has no association with gastroduodenal symptoms in duodenal ulcer patients. These suggest that NSAID may be associated with gastroduodenal symptoms rather than masking symptoms, at least in gastric ulcer patients.
Full Text
http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/00365521.2013.838606
DOI
10.3109/00365521.2013.838606
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Song, Si Young(송시영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1417-4314
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/89268
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