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Oral Tranexamic Acid Enhances the Efficacy of Low-Fluence 1064-Nm Quality-Switched Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Laser Treatment for Melasma in Koreans: A Randomized, Prospective Trial

Authors
 Jung U Shin  ;  Jihun Park  ;  Sang Ho Oh  ;  Ju Hee Lee 
Citation
 DERMATOLOGIC SURGERY, Vol.39(3 Pt 1) : 435-442, 2013 
Journal Title
DERMATOLOGIC SURGERY
ISSN
 1076-0512 
Issue Date
2013
Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Tranexamic acid (TA) has recently gained in popularity in the treatment of pigmentary disorders.
OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of oral TA combined with low-fluence 1064-nm quality-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (QSNY) laser for the treatment of melasma.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Forty-eight patients with melasma were enrolled in the study and subsequently divided into two groups: a combination group and a laser treatment group. All patients were treated with two sessions of low-fluence QSNY laser, and patients in the combination group took 8 weeks of oral TA. Two blinded dermatologists evaluated patients using the Modified Melasma Area and Severity Index (mMASI) and a clinical improvement scale.
RESULTS:
Mean mMASI score 4 weeks after the second treatment decreased significantly in both groups from base line. Based on overall clinical improvement, a greater number of patients scored as grade 3 and more in the combination group; no patients were scored as grade 4 in the laser-alone group.
CONCLUSIONS:
Oral TA may prove a safe and efficient treatment option for melasma in combination with low-fluence QSNY laser therapy.
Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dsu.12060/abstract
DOI
10.1111/dsu.12060
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Dermatology (피부과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Jung U(신정우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5259-6879
Oh, Sang Ho(오상호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4477-1400
Lee, Ju Hee(이주희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1739-5956
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/89055
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