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Differences in predictors of traditional and cyber-bullying: a 2-year longitudinal study in Korean school children

Authors
 Su-Jin Yang  ;  Robert Stewart  ;  Jae-Min Kim  ;  Sung-Wan Kim  ;  Il-Seon Shin  ;  Michael E. Dewey  ;  Sean Maskey  ;  Jin-Sang Yoon 
Citation
 EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, Vol.22(5) : 309-318, 2013 
Journal Title
EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
ISSN
 1018-8827 
Issue Date
2013
MeSH
Adaptation, Psychological* ; Anxiety/psychology ; Bullying/psychology* ; Child ; Crime Victims/psychology* ; Depression/psychology ; Female ; Humans ; Internet* ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Peer Group ; Prospective Studies ; Republic of Korea ; Schools ; Self Concept* ; Self Report ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
Cyber-bullying ; Bullying ; Depression ; Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ; Longitudinal study
Abstract
Traditional bullying has received considerable research but the emerging phenomenon of cyber-bullying much less so. Our study aims to investigate environmental and psychological factors associated with traditional and cyber-bullying. In a school-based 2-year prospective survey, information was collected on 1,344 children aged 10 including bullying behavior/experience, depression, anxiety, coping strategies, self-esteem, and psychopathology. Parents reported demographic data, general health, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. These were investigated in relation to traditional and cyber-bullying perpetration and victimization at age 12. Male gender and depressive symptoms were associated with all types of bullying behavior and experience. Living with a single parent was associated with perpetration of traditional bullying while higher ADHD symptoms were associated with victimization from this. Lower academic achievement and lower self esteem were associated with cyber-bullying perpetration and victimization, and anxiety symptoms with cyber-bullying perpetration. After adjustment, previous bullying perpetration was associated with victimization from cyber-bullying but not other outcomes. Cyber-bullying has differences in predictors from traditional bullying and intervention programmes need to take these into consideration.
Full Text
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00787-012-0374-6
DOI
10.1007/s00787-012-0374-6
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yang, Su-Jin(양수진)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/88964
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