143 280

Cited 7 times in

The Werther Effect of Two Celebrity Suicides: an Entertainer and a Politician

Authors
 Jae-Hyun Kim  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Jung-Mo Nam  ;  SoHee Park  ;  Jaelim Cho  ;  Sun-Jung Kim  ;  Jae-Woo Choi  ;  Eun Cho 
Citation
 PLOS ONE, Vol.8(12) : e84876, 2013 
Journal Title
 PLOS ONE 
Issue Date
2013
MeSH
Female ; Humans ; Male ; Mental Healing* ; Models, Biological* ; Newspapers as Topic ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Suicide/psychology* ; Time Factors
Keywords
Female ; Humans ; Male ; Mental Healing* ; Models, Biological* ; Newspapers as Topic ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Suicide/psychology* ; Time Factors
Abstract
PURPOSE: Suicide is a major health problem in Korea. Extensive media exposure of celebrity suicide may induce imitative suicide, a phenomenon called the Werther effect. We examined the increased suicide risk following the suicides of an entertainer and a politician, and identified the relative suicide risks. METHODS: News articles about the celebrity suicides were obtained from three major newspapers and analysed for quantitative and qualitative features. Imitative suicide risk was investigated by applying a Poisson time series autoregression model with suicide mortality data from the National Statistics Office for 1.5 years before and 1.5 years after each celebrity's suicide. The period with a significantly increased number of suicides immediately after the celebrity's suicide determined the Werther effect band. The relative risk during this period was examined for different ages, genders, and suicide methods. RESULTS: News reports were more numerous and they contained more positive definitions about the entertainer's suicide. The risk of suicide deaths rose markedly after both celebrity suicides. However, the Werther effect band was longer for the entertainer (6 weeks) than for the politician (4 weeks). The relative suicide risk was significant for almost all ages and both genders during that of both individuals. Use of the same suicide method was a prominent risk factor after both celebrity suicides. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm the existence of imitative suicide behaviours, suggesting a facilitation effect of media reports. Guidelines for responsible media reporting need to be implemented to enhance public mental health in Korea.
Files in This Item:
T201304518.pdf Download
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0084876
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Nam, Chung Mo(남정모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0985-0928
Park, So Hee(박소희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8513-5163
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/88718
사서에게 알리기
  feedback

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse

Links