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Long duration of radiofrequency energy delivery is an independent predictor of clinical recurrence after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: Over 500 cases experience

 Jaemin Shim  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Jae Hyung Park  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Hui-Nam Pak 
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, Vol.167(6) : 2667-2672, 2013 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis* ; Atrial Fibrillation/surgery* ; Catheter Ablation/methods* ; Electrocardiography/methods ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Recurrence ; Time Factors ; Treatment Outcome
Atrial fibrillation ; Catheter ablation ; Recurrence ; Risk factor
BACKGROUND: Although radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) is an effective rhythm control strategy, there is a substantial amount of recurrence. We explored the predictors of AF recurrence after RFCA with consistent ablation strategy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study included 575 patients (77% male, 56 ± 11 years old) with AF (65.7% paroxysmal AF [PAF], 34.3% persistent AF [PeAF]) who underwent RFCA. We evaluated the clinical, serological, and electrophysiological parameters thereof. Results: 1. During 15 ± 7 months of follow-up, patients who experienced AF recurrence (21.8%) were older (58 ± 10 vs. 55 ± 11 years old, p=0.019) and more likely to have PeAF (50.4% vs. 29.4%, p<0.001) and greater LA volume (137.3 ± 49.1 vs. 116.6 ± 37.9 mL, p<0.001). 2. In patients with clinical recurrence after RFCA, both ablation time (110.1 ± 43.8 vs. 92.3 ± 30.1 min, p<0.001) and procedure time (222.7 ± 79.6 vs. 205.8 ± 58.8 min, p<0.001) were prolonged, and the early recurrence rate within 3 months of the procedure was higher (63.0% vs. 26.4%, p<0.001) than those without clinical recurrence. 3. In logistic regression analysis, LA volume (OR 1.008, CI 1.001-1.014), ablation time (per quartile, OR 1.380, CI 1.031-1.847), and early recurrence (OR 3.858, CI 2.420-6.150) were independent risk factors for recurrence of AF after RFCA. CONCLUSION: In this single center consistent study of over 500 cases of AF ablation, patients with AF recurrence had a larger atrium, longer ablation time, and a higher chance of early recurrence than those remained in sinus rhythm. Inadvertent, long duration of ablation was an independent predictor of worse clinical outcomes after catheter ablation of AF.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Jae Hyung(박재형)
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Shim, Jae Min(심재민)
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Lee, Moon Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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