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Noncommunicable Diseases: Current Status of Major Modifiable Risk Factors in Korea

 Hyeon Chang Kim  ;  Sun Min Oh 
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol.46(4) : 165-172, 2013 
Journal Title
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 
Issue Date
Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects ; Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology ; Alcohol Drinking/prevention & control ; Chronic Disease/epidemiology ; Chronic Disease/prevention & control* ; Female ; Humans ; Hypercholesterolemia/complications ; Hypercholesterolemia/epidemiology ; Hypercholesterolemia/prevention & control ; Hypertension/complications ; Hypertension/epidemiology ; Hypertension/prevention & control ; Male ; Overweight/complications ; Overweight/epidemiology ; Overweight/prevention & control ; Prevalence ; Public Health Practice* ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Sedentary Lifestyle ; Smoking/adverse effects ; Smoking/epidemiology ; Smoking Prevention ; World Health Organization
Korea ; Noncommunicable disease ; Prevalence ; Risk factors ; Trend
A noncommunicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is by definition non-infectious and non-transmissible among people. Currently, NCDs are the leading causes of death and disease burden worldwide. The four main types of NCDs, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic lung disease, and diabetes, result in more than 30 million deaths annually. To reduce the burden of NCDs on global health, current public health actions stress the importance of preventing, detecting, and correcting modifiable risk factors; controlling major modifiable risk factors has been shown to effectively reduce NCD mortality. The World Health Organization's World Health Report 2002 identified tobacco use, alcohol consumption, overweight, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol as the most important risk factors for NCDs. Accordingly, the present report set out to review the prevalence and trends of these modifiable risk factors in the Korean population. Over the past few decades, we observed significant risk factor modifications of improved blood pressure control and decreased smoking rate. However, hypertension and cigarette smoking remained the most contributable factors of NCDs in the Korean population. Moreover, other major modifiable risk factors show no improvement or even worsened. The current status and trends in major modifiable risk factors reinforce the importance of prevention, detection, and treatment of risk factors in reducing the burden of NCDs on individuals and society.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyeon Chang(김현창) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7867-1240
Oh, Sun Min(오선민)
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