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Cost-Effectiveness of Korea’s National Cervical Cancer Screening Program

Authors
 Eun Cho  ;  Moon Hae Kang  ;  Kui Son Choi  ;  MiNa Suh  ;  Jae Kwan Jun  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION, Vol.14(7) : 4329-4334, 2013 
Journal Title
 ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION 
ISSN
 1513-7368 
Issue Date
2013
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Cost-Benefit Analysis* ; Early Detection of Cancer/economics* ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; National Health Programs/economics* ; Neoplasm Staging ; Prognosis ; Republic of Korea ; Survival Rate ; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis ; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/economics* ; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/mortality
Keywords
Cost-Effectiveness ; mass screening ; cervical cancer ; Pap smear ; Korea
Abstract
Background: Cervical cancer, which is common in developing countries, is also a major health issue in Korea. Our aim was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Korea’s National Cancer Screening Program (NCSP), implemented in 1999. Materials and Methods: The target population was Korean women 30 years or over who were invited to take part in the NCSP in 2002–2007. By merging NCSP records with Korean Central Cancer Registry data, patients diagnosed with cervical cancer who had been screened were assigned to a “screened group,” while patients diagnosed elsewhere were assigned to a “non-screened group.” Clinical outcomes were measured in terms of life-years saved (LYS), derived from 5-year mortality rates supplied by the Korean National Health Insurance Corporation and National Statistical Office. Direct and travel costs associated with screening were evaluated from the perspective of the payer, the NCSP. Results: A diagnosis via screening was associated with 2.30 LYS, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) estimate for screening was 7,581,679 KW/LYS (6,727 USD/LYS). ICER estimates were lower for older patients (≥ 50 years) than younger patients (4,047,033 KW/ LYS vs 5,680,793 KW/LYS). The proportion of early-stage cancers detected was 16.3% higher in the screened group. Conclusions: In light of Korea’s per capita gross domestic product (32,272 USD in 2012), the current NCSP’s incremental cost per LYS appears acceptable.
Files in This Item:
T201302832.pdf Download
DOI
10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.7.4329
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/87644
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