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Indoor Exposure and Health Risk of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Public Facilities, Korea

 Ho-Hyun Kim  ;  Young-Wook Lim  ;  Jun-Min Jeon  ;  Tae-Hun Kim  ;  Geon-Woo Lee  ;  Woo-Seok Lee  ;  Jung-Yun Lim  ;  Dong-Chun Shin  ;  Ji-Yeon Yang 
 Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment, Vol.7(2) : 72-84, 2013 
Journal Title
 Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment 
Issue Date
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ; Public facilities ; Indoor and outdoor ; Toxic equivalency factor ; Health risk assessment
In the study, pollution levels of indoor polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in public facilities (vapor phase or particulate phase) were evaluated, and a health risk assessment (HRA) was carried out based on exposure scenarios. Public facilities in Korea covered by the law, including underground subway stations, funeral halls, child care facilities, internet cafes (PC-rooms), and exhibition facilities (6 locations for each type of facility, for a total of 48 locations), were investigated for indoor assessment. For the HRA, individual excess cancer risk (ECR) was estimated by applying main toxic equivalency factor (TEF) values suggested in previous studies. Among the eight public facilities, internet cafes showed the highest average PM2.5 concentration at 110.0 ㎍/㎥ (range: 83.5-138.5 ㎍/㎥). When assuming a risk of facility exposure time based upon the results of the surveys for each public facility, the excess cancer risk using the benzo(a)pyrene indicator assessment method was estimated to be 10-7-10-6 levels for each facility. Based on the risk associated with various TEF values, the excess cancer risk based upon the seven types cancer EPA (1993) and Malcolm & Dobson’s (1994) assessment method was estimated to be 10-7-10-5 for each facility. The excess cancer risk estimated from the TEF EPA (2010) assessment was the highest: 10-7-10-4 for each facility. This is due to the 10-fold difference between the TEF of dibenzo(a,e)fluoranthene in 2010 and in 1994. The internet cafes where smoking was the clear pollutant showed the highest risk level of 10-4, which exceeded the World Health Organization’s recommended risk of 1×10-6. All facilities, with the exception of internet cafes, showed a 10-6 risk level. However, when the TEFs values of the US EPA (2010) were applied, the risk of most facilities in this study exceeded 1×10-6.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute for Environmental Research (환경공해연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ho Hyen(김호현)
Shin, Dong Chun(신동천) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4252-2280
Yang, Ji Yeon(양지연)
Lim, Young Wook(임영욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8845-2850
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