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Low Levels of Physical Activity Are Associated with Increased Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in Korean Adults

 Dong Hoon Lee ; Yoon Myung Kim ; Justin Y. Jeon ; Sang Hui Chu ; Mi Kyung Lee ; Ji-Hye Park ; Sang-Hwan Kim ; Sun Hyun Kim ; Masayo Naruse ; Kyong-Chol Kim ; Sukyung Park ; Yoonsuk Jekal 
 Diabetes and Metabolism Journal, Vol.37(2) : 132~139, 2013 
Journal Title
 Diabetes and Metabolism Journal 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND: Low levels of physical activity (PA) are strongly associated with the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and chronic diseases. However, few studies have examined this association in Koreans. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the associations between PA and MetS risks in Korean adults. METHODS: A total of 1,016 Korean adults (494 males and 522 females) participated in this study. PA levels were assessed using the International PA Questionnaire. MetS risk factors were determined using clinically established diagnostic criteria. RESULTS: Compared with the highest PA group, the group with the lowest level of PA was at greater risk of high triglyceride (TG) in males (odds ratio [OR], 1.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07 to 3.24) and of hemoglobin A1c ≥5.5% in females (OR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.00 to 3.04) after adjusting for age and body mass index. Compared with subjects who met the PA guidelines, those who did not meet the guidelines were more likely to have low high density lipoprotein cholesterol in both males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.11 to 2.58), and females (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.20 to 2.77). Furthermore, those who did not meet the PA guidelines were at increased risk of high TG levels in males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.86) and abnormal fasting glucose (OR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.17 to 3.20) and MetS (OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.15 to 3.84) in females. CONCLUSION: Increased levels of PA are significantly associated with a decreased risk of abnormal MetS components.
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