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Attributional Style in Healthy Persons: Its Association with 'Theory of Mind' Skills

 Im Hong Jeon  ;  Kyung Ran Kim  ;  Hwan Hee Kim  ;  Jin Young Park  ;  Mikyung Lee  ;  Hye Hyun Jo  ;  Se Jun Koo  ;  Yu Jin Jeong  ;  Yun Young Song  ;  Jee In Kang  ;  Su Young Lee  ;  Eun Lee  ;  Suk Kyoon An 
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION, Vol.10(1) : 34-40, 2013 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Attributional style ; Healthy persons ; Theory of Mind skills
OBJECTIVE: Attributional style, especially external personal attribution bias, was found to play a pivotal role in clinical and non-clinical paranoia. The study of the relationship of the tendency to infer/perceive hostility and blame with theory of mind skills has significant theoretical importance as it may provide additional information on how persons process social situations. The aim of this study was whether hostility perception bias and blame bias might be associated with theory of mind skills, neurocognition and emotional factors in healthy persons. METHODS: Total 263 participants (133 male and 130 female) were recruited. The attributional style was measured by using the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ). Participants were requested to complete a Brüne's Theory of Mind Picture Stories task, neurocognitive task including Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) and digit span, and other emotional dysregulation trait scales including Rosenberg's self-esteem, Spielberg's trait anxiety inventory, and Novaco anger scale. RESULTS: Multiple regression analysis showed that hostility perception bias score in ambiguous situation were found to be associated with theory of mind questionnaire score and emotional dysregulation traits of Novaco anger scale. Also, composite blame bias score in ambiguous situation were found to be associated with emotional dysregulation traits of Novaco anger scale and Spielberg's trait anxiety scale. CONCLUSION: The main finding was that the attributional style of hostility perception bias might be primarily contributed by theory of mind skills rather than neurocognitive function such as attention and working memory, and reasoning ability. The interpretations and implications would be discussed in details.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Jee In(강지인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2818-7183
Kim, Kyung Ran(김경란) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8375-1851
Park, Jin Young(박진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5351-9549
Song, Yun Young(송윤영)
An, Suk Kyoon(안석균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4576-6184
Lee, Eun(이은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-0144
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