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Cognitive Function and Self-Management Behaviors in Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

 Min Jung Kim  ;  Ulf G Bronas  ;  Laurie Quinn  ;  Lisa K Sharp  ;  Chang Park  ;  Valerie Gruss  ;  Cynthia Fritschi 
 NURSING RESEARCH, Vol.72(1) : 38-48, 2023-01 
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Aged ; Cognition ; Cognitive Dysfunction* / etiology ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2* / complications ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2* / therapy ; Executive Function ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Self-Management*
BackgroundType 2 diabetes (T2D) is strongly associated with cognitive impairment. Decreased cognitive function could affect daily self-management behaviors critical for people with T2D. Executive function is significant for daily self-management, and decreased subjective cognitive function could be an early indicator of poor daily self-management. However, little is known about whether executive or subjective cognitive function affects daily self-management behaviors in older adults.ObjectivesWe investigated the effect of executive function or subjective cognitive function on daily self-management behaviors (diet, glucose management, physical activity, and physician contact) in older adults with T2D.MethodsWe used a cross-sectional, observational design with convenience sampling of 84 adults aged >= 60 years with T2D. Telephone-administered cognitive function tests measured participants' overall cognitive and executive function levels. Subjective cognitive function, diabetes self-management, and covariates, including demographic information (age, gender, race/ethnicity, and level of education), body mass index, depressive symptoms, and diabetes duration, were assessed using online surveys. Data were analyzed using bivariate correlation and backward stepwise regression.ResultsThe mean age of the sample was 68.46 +/- 5.41 years. Participants were predominantly female and White, and the majority had normal cognitive function. Controlling for demographics, body mass index, depressive symptoms, and diabetes duration, a decrease in executive function indicated by a greater number of errors made during the telephone-administered Oral Trail Making Test Part B relative to the sample was associated with poorer adherence to physician contact behaviors. Subjective cognitive function was not associated with any self-management behaviors.DiscussionA reduction in executive function was associated with poorer adherence to physician contact behaviors in older adults with T2D and normal cognitive function; lack of adherence to physician contact behaviors could be an early indicator of declining cognitive function. Difficulties or changes in routine diabetes self-management behaviors should be closely monitored in older adults. Cognitive assessment should be followed when needed.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Min Jeong(김민정)
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