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Effectiveness of a Nurse-Led Mobile-Based Health Coaching Program for Patients With Prostate Cancer at High Risk of Metabolic Syndrome: Randomized Waitlist Controlled Trial

 Kyoungjin Lee  ;  Jeongok Park  ;  Eui Geum Oh  ;  JuHee Lee  ;  Chang Park  ;  Young Deuk Choi 
 JMIR MHEALTH AND UHEALTH, Vol.12 : e47102, 2024-02 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Androgen Antagonists ; Humans ; Male ; Mentoring* ; Metabolic Syndrome* ; Nurse's Role ; Prostatic Neoplasms* / therapy ; Quality of Life ; Single-Blind Method
diet ; exercise ; healthy lifestyle ; metabolic syndrome ; mobile phone ; nurses ; prostate neopla는
Background: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), a standard treatment for prostate cancer (PC), causes many physical side effects. In particular, it causes metabolic changes such as fasting glucose abnormalities or accumulation of body fat, and its continuation can lead to metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is closely related to diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, it is important to maintain and practice a healthy lifestyle in patients with PC.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a nurse-led mobile-based program that aims to promote a healthy lifestyle in patients with PC undergoing ADT with MetS risk factors.

Methods: This was a single-blind, randomized, waitlist control interventional study. A total of 48 patients were randomly assigned to the experimental and waitlist control groups at the urology cancer clinic of a tertiary general hospital in South Korea. The inclusion criteria were patients who had undergone ADT for >6 months, had at least 1 of the 5 MetS components in the abnormal range, and could access a mobile-based education program. The experimental group attended a 4-week mobile-based program on exercise and diet that included counseling and encouragement to maintain a healthy lifestyle, whereas the control group was placed on a waitlist and received usual care during the follow-up period, followed by the intervention. The primary outcome was a change in the lifestyle score. The secondary outcomes were changes in 5 MetS components, body composition, and health-related quality of life. The outcomes were measured at 6 weeks and 12 weeks after the initiation of the intervention. Each participant was assigned to each group in a sequential order of enrollment in a 4×4 permuted block design randomization table generated in the SAS (SAS Institute) statistical program. A linear mixed model was used for statistical analysis.

Results: A total of 24 participants were randomly assigned to each group; however, 2 participants in the experimental group dropped out for personal reasons before starting the intervention. Finally, 46 participants were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. The experimental group showed more positive changes in the healthy lifestyle score (β=29.23; P≤.001), level of each MetS component (fasting blood sugar: β=-12.0; P=.05 and abdominal circumference: β=-2.49; P=.049), body composition (body weight: β=-1.52; P<.001 and BMI: β=-0.55; P<.001), and the urinary irritative and obstructive domain of health-related quality of life (β=14.63; P<.001) over time than the waitlist control group.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Jeongok(박정옥) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4978-817X
Oh, Eui Geum(오의금) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6941-0708
Lee, JuHee(이주희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2805-1622
Choi, Young Deuk(최영득) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-5797
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